APA to invest $339m to build new gas pipeline in Australia

first_img The new gas pipeline is expected to be operational by mid-2022. (Credit: Ioannis Ioannidis from Pixabay) Australian energy infrastructure company APA Group has announced an investment of $460m ($338.7m) to build a new gas pipeline in Western Australia.The Northern Goldfields Interconnect (NGI) will be a 580km, 12-inch pipeline that is expected to enable to create an interconnected WA Gas Grid.The gas pipeline allows to establish a link between emerging gas fields in the Perth Basin and the resource rich Goldfields region.The NGI is expected to be operational by mid-2022.APA CEO and managing director Rob Wheals said: “Having developed an interconnected gas grid on the East Coast that flexibly and seamlessly moves gas throughout eastern Australia, we are thrilled to now be creating one for Western Australia.“By connecting existing pipelines, our investment decision to build the NGI will not only add capacity to the system but will also increase gas supply options for customers.“This will open up new regions for development supporting thousands of jobs both during and post-construction.”NGI to create interconnected APA gas pipeline system covering 2,690kmBy connecting to APA’s Goldfields Gas Pipeline (GGP), the new gas pipeline is expected to result in creating an interconnected APA gas pipeline system that will cover 2,690km.Fully contracted at nearly 202TJ/day, GGP serves as a connection to APA’s Eastern Goldfields network.Wheals said investment in the new gas pipeline would enable to double the additional capacity to the Goldfields region compared to spending the same amount to expand the existing GGP.In the past five years, APA has expanded its gas pipeline system by almost 500km of pipelines servicing the eastern Goldfields region, Wheals noted.As part of the commitment to invest in NGI, APA is working with Horizon Power to sell its 50% stake in the Mid West Pipeline.Horizon Power is APA’s joint venture partner in the Mid West Pipeline, which is 353km long gas pipeline from the Dampier to Bunbury Natural Gas Pipeline near Geraldton. The gas pipeline allows the creation of a link between emerging gas fields in the Perth Basin and the resource rich Goldfields regionlast_img read more

Adjunct Faculty-Hospitality Law

first_imgEveningMinimum Qualifications Please attach resume and cover letter indicating reference numberand a copy of your transcripts.Mary-Pat Maciolek, Chair732-906-2538 A Master’s Degree in an appropriate discipline is required. JDpreferred. Related work experience required. Community collegeand/or postsecondary teaching experience is preferred. Knowledgeand/or experience in learning technologies preferred.Supplemental Informationlast_img

Coastal Designer Outlet has “Greatest Collection of Shore Décor”

first_imgCoastal Designer Outlet manager Werner Tedesco, left, and store owner Dan Powell emphasize a no-pressure environment for their customers. By Donald WittkowskiQuite often, the typical experience for customers at a furniture store is to be swarmed by commissioned salespeople as soon as they walk through the door.Step inside Coastal Designer Outlet in Ocean View, though, and you’re free to browse as long as you like without being pressured into a deal, says store owner Dan Powell and manager Werner Tedesco.“We enjoy having you come in and taking a look around,” said Tedesco, a Cape May resident and 30-year veteran of the furniture business in Cape May County. “We’re going to give you space to get a feel for what we have. We’re not to hawk you.”Powell said the no-pressure atmosphere reflects the strong relationship he has built up with his customers in the nine years he has owned Coastal Designer Outlet.“We strive to make everyone comfortable,” he said.Wall art and other accessories at Coastal Designer Outlet often feature a seashore theme.Powell noted that his business strategy combines superior customer service with affordable pricing for high-quality furniture and accessories that feature a decidedly seashore vibe.“We’re geared primarily toward second homeowners and beach homes, although we can accommodate just about everybody,” he said.Coastal Designer Outlet is located in the Ocean View section of Dennis Township at 556 Sea Isle Boulevard, at the corner of Route 9, right next to a Wawa. It is just outside of Sea Isle City.Powell, an Ocean City native who also owns Complete Interiors in Avalon, opened Coastal Designer Outlet in 2008 to provide affordably priced furniture and seashore-themed accessories for the Cape May and Atlantic County marketplace.Sea Isle City, which is filled with beachfront summer vacation homes, is the store’s primary customer base. The store also serves Avalon, Wildwood, Ocean City and little bit of Cape May. Powell and Tedesco said they also have customers in the surrounding mainland communities.Store owner Dan Powell stands inside his showroom of bedroom furniture and dining sets.Coastal Designer Outlet carries an array of brand name furniture, including Bassett, Ashley, Braxton Culler, Overnight Sofa Co. and other favorites. Although the store primarily sells new furniture, bargain hunters can also find scratch-and-dents and discontinued items at discount prices.“We search out discontinued items and closeouts. Whenever we can find a deal, we pass that on to our customer base,” Powell said.What may distinguish Coastal Designer Outlet the most from other furniture stores is its collection of hard-to-find artwork and accessories featuring unique designs to add some splash to seashore homes.“We try to create a seashore vibe, with durability in mind,” Tedesco said.Miniature lifeguard boats embossed with the names of Jersey Shore towns are among the whimsical items.The store is a veritable treasure trove of whimsical items. There is a replica of a saber-toothed tiger skull, Victorian-style hot air balloon decorations hanging from the ceiling and miniature lifeguard boats stamped with the names of Jersey Shore towns, just to name a few.“We call it upping our cool factor,” Tedesco said of the unusual décor.Powell explained that the store also carries artwork and accessories that can be customized for each home. For instance, one piece of wall art on display says “Ludlam Island Whaling Company Old North Wharf.”Ludlam Island was the original name for Sea Isle City, which means the artwork would fit perfectly in a home in Sea Isle, Powell said. The same artwork can be customized to have the names of other shore towns, he noted.Altogether, the store carries bedroom sets, sofas, curios, dining tables, accent tables, lamps, paintings, accessories, beach chairs, blinds, shutters, drapes, cornices and more.On its website, Coastal Designer Outlet proclaims that it has the “greatest collection of shore décor.”Perhaps best of all, customers needn’t worry if they want to come in and casually take a look around. They’ll be no high-pressure salespeople looking over their shoulder, Powell and Tedesco assured.“We hear it from our customers all of the time. They tell us, ‘Thank you for letting us breathe and look,’” Tedesco said.Coastal Designer Outlet is located in a shopping plaza at 556 Sea Isle Boulevard in the Ocean View section of Dennis Township.last_img read more

Government performs pasty tax u-turn

first_imgThe government has performed a dramatic u-turn on its tax for hot pies and pasties.The move comes after weeks of sustained campaigning by the baking industry, including British Baker’s own e-petition, a campaign by Greggs, the largest retail baker in the country, and a demonstration by the industry at Westminster which saw a petition of half a million signatures handed in at Number 10.It is believed government has altered the definition of what is a “hot” pasty to allow the reversal of its plans.Following the announcement last night (Monday 28 May) Greggs shares shot up and are currently trading at 495.00p per share, up 28.40p (+ 6.09% year-on-year change).During a parliamentary debate last week, MPs from all three main parties criticised the plans claiming they were unenforceable and would impact jobs and businesses.A spokesman for the Treasury told the BBC website: “The Budget announced a consultation on a change to VAT on hot takeaway food, designed to remove inconsistency and ambiguity in the system and level the playing field across the takeaway food market.”After extensive engagement we have improved the policy, addressing practical concerns, ensuring that the new regime could be as simple as possible to apply.”We have addressed these in a way that allows us to remove the inconsistent VAT treatment, while not imposing any additional requirement on businesses to test the temperature of their products.”Ken McMeikan, chief executive, Greggs, told British Baker: “It’s fantastic news. There are not many days when you get a government decision of this magnitude, and one that you believe to be absolutely right for the industry. I cannot tell you how pleased I am for the whole baking industry.”The government were true to their word. They said there would be a consultancy period, which they then extended, and they responded within 10 days.”Most importantly freshly baked food that isn’t being kept hot, isn’t being kept in heat containing packaging, isn’t being marketed as hot, and isn’t being cooked to order, will not be subject to VAT. That’s great for customers and great for bakers.”For more details see www.bakeryinfo.co.uk and the next issue of British Baker.Let us know your reaction to the news by tweeting us @BritishBaker or emailing [email protected]last_img read more

Trey Anastasio Trio Adds ‘Sustain’ Benefit Show To Spring Tour

first_imgThe Trey Anastasio Trio will wrap up their forthcoming spring tour with a benefit show in honor of one of the Phish guitarist’s oldest friends, Chris Cottrell, who died of adrenal cancer earlier this year. Billed as Sustain, the concert will take place on April 29th at Terminal West in Atlanta, and will raise money for the WaterWheel Cancer Fund.Sustain will come at the very end of the Trey Anastasio Trio’s first tour since 1999. As previously reported, the group—Anastasio (guitar), Tony Markellis (bass), and Russ Lawton (drums)—will play a series of spring dates that were originally scheduled for the full Trey Anastasio Band. However, those Trey Anastasio Band shows were reworked after TAB keyboardist Ray Paczkowski underwent surgery for a brain tumor, and the tour was reconstituted as the first Trey Anastasio Trio run in 19 years.Pre-sale tickets for Sustain will go on sale on Thursday, April 5th, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. ET. Tickets will be available to the general public at noon ET on Friday, April 6th. A full list of upcoming Trey Anastasio Trio and Trey Anastasio Band shows can be found via Trey Anastasio’s website.last_img read more

A good look at bad romance

first_img What a (spirited) drag Live performance and transformation accompany deep discussion at Radcliffe of gender and identity Niche dating companies work to help Ivy League graduates find love Matchmaker, make me a match The women’s revolt: Why now, and where to The #MeToo surge against sexual abuse provides opportunities for pivotal societal change, but challenges too The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. Sure, your heart thumps, but let’s look at what’s happening physically and psychologically Related When love and science double date Blushing. The interplay between self-love and social justice. Socialist sex.These topics set the tone for “Bad Romance: The Ethics of Love, Sex, and Desire,” an interdisciplinary graduate student conference hosted at the Mahindra Humanities Center this weekend.Using the #MeToo movement as a starting point, conference organizers and Harvard doctoral candidates Tess McNulty and Becca Rothfeld wanted to bridge the divide between public conversations about sexual consent and academic research on ethics and love.“Scholars actually have something to say in this conversation [about #MeToo],” said McNulty, a Ph.D. student in the English Department. “The idea behind the conference is to actually do some of the work of applying the things that scholars know to this popular conversation.”During the two-day conference, graduate students from institutions in the U.S., Canada, and the U.K. will gather to discuss sexual ethics in philosophical texts, film, and literature, on the internet, and in social justice circles.“The questions [raised with #MeToo] thus far have concerned the ethics of a particular sexual encounter but not so much the ethics of other kinds of intimacy,” said Rothfeld, a doctoral candidate in the Philosophy Department. “That’s not really something people in philosophy have discussed as much — like do you ever have an obligation to love somebody, or are there better or worse ways to love somebody?”The conference’s interdisciplinary approach to the topic of consent emphasizes the intellectual tools scholars have to tackle the ideas head-on. “Every discipline has a different technology or method for understanding how the world works, and all of them have their limitations,” said McNulty. “One has the telescope, one has the binoculars, and one has the pencil. So why not bring all of these instruments together?”,The conference will kick off with a keynote address by Nancy Bauer, dean of academic affairs for arts and sciences and professor of philosophy at Tufts University, who also received a Ph.D. in philosophy and a bachelor’s degree in social studies from Harvard. Her talk, “Let’s Talk About Sex: Ethical Intercourse in the Age of #MeToo,” reflects her expertise in feminist philosophy, with a focus on philosophy’s role in everyday life.Participants from universities including Harvard, the University of Cambridge, and the University of Toronto will explore the conference themes in five panels: Consent, Global Sexualities, Stylized Sexualities Before the 19th Century, E-rotics, and Love and Self-Love. The panels will feature work on diverse topics including queerness in Korean cinema, the relationship between blushing and modesty in modern English literature, and present-day digital dating practices.“I grew up in an interracial family, so this topic of forbidden love and forbidden romance really speaks to me and speaks to the core of what I’m trying to do,” said Sebastian Jackson, a doctoral candidate in African and African American Studies and Social Anthropology whose work focuses on anti-miscegenation policies in South Africa and the U.S.His paper, “Black Peril, Vanilla Nightmares: Representations of Race, Sex, and Desire in the (Post)colonial Imagination” appears as part of the Global Sexualities panel and explores depictions of cross-racial intimacies in historical images. “I’m very interested in the legacies of policies that prohibited intimacy and love across so-called racial boundaries, in the social realm and in everyday interactions,” said Jackson.McNulty and Rothfeld received nearly 100 submissions for the conference from around the world and across academic disciplines in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. Consent and ethics are “relevant to a lot of people’s lives, both academically and in everyday life,” McNulty said. “People talk about it and it has a real lived reality.”“I think people are relieved to be able to discuss these things and think about them in a more in-depth way,” added Rothfeld. “People are overwhelmed by this subject, and if you’re an academic, you want to be able to think about these things more thoroughly, and be able to digest [them] more slowly than they’re digested in a popular context.”last_img read more

Stowe firm introduces new technology capable of enhancing reliability nation’s electric grid

first_imgUtility Risk Management Corporation (URMC) today announced the introduction of new thermal imaging technology ‘ Thermal Directâ ¢ ‘ capable of enhancing the reliability and efficiency of the nation’s electric grid. The technology represents a break-through for the industry in that it precisely measures conductor temperatures, enabling utilities to: improve system reliability and capacity; enhance the security of transmission assets; demonstrate compliance with applicable regulatory requirements; and reduce mitigation costs associated with compliance by as much as $2 billion dollars over a period of three years. In recent testing confirmed by Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) sensors, Thermal Direct’s accuracy presented a 95 percent confidence level, with residual error of only 3.75°F or 2.09°C.Current industry practice relies on calculating (versus actually measuring) conductor temperature through a steady-state heat balance equation, which can generate significant margins of error due primarily to weather variables, such as wind and ambient temperature. In late 2010, the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) issued a regulatory alert requiring all transmission operators to assess within the next three years the precise physical characteristics of their high voltage transmission lines relative to design specifications. Actual conductor temperature will be a leading indicator for NERC.’This technology is critical to an industry in which there is no room for error,’ said Adam Rousselle, chief executive officer of URMC. ‘Precision in the measurement of conductor temperature has always been considered the holy grail for utilities. I am thrilled with our recent break-through and look forward to sharing it with transmission operators across the country.’‘After observing recent testing of this technology, I can confirm that it has the potential to be far more accurate and efficient than traditional calculation methods,’ said Dale Douglass, principal engineer with Power Delivery Consultants, Inc. ‘It removes uncertainty and reduces the need for engineering conservatism, which could lead to higher line ratings.’About URMCFounded in 2005, URMC is a technology-enabled engineering services firm providing vital information and analytics to electric utilities in order to safeguard and optimize their transmission and distribution infrastructures. URMC is a proven innovator in the field of risk management, consistently delivering high value and innovative technologies that cater to the electric utility industry’s unique mission-critical needs. URMC harnesses disparate technologies and processes ‘ such as Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), Infrared Thermography, Satellite Imagery, Power Line Systems Computer-aided Design and Drafting (PLS-CADD) modeling, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) ‘ to provide utility-specific analysis and solutions with unprecedented depth, accuracy and speed. URMC arms the utility industry with critical insights into areas such as vegetation encroachment, survey point clearance, sag and tension limits, thermal line ratings and line capacity.Available to speak on the validity of the test’s data and the significance of this breakthrough:Adam Rousselle ‘ CEO and Founder, URMCDr. Andrew Phillips ‘ Technical Director of Transmission and Substations Area, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)Dennis E. Mize ‘ Line Design Support Supervisor, Southern Company ServicesDale Douglass ‘ Principal Engineer, Power Delivery Consultants, Inc.STOWE, Vt.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Utility Risk Management Corporationlast_img read more

U.S. installs 2,617MW of wind power in first quarter, additional 13,383MW under construction

first_imgU.S. installs 2,617MW of wind power in first quarter, additional 13,383MW under construction FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享S&P Global Market Intelligence ($):The U.S. in the first three months of 2020 added 2,617 MW of wind power capacity, a record amount for a first quarter of any year.According to an analysis from S&P Global Market Intelligence, the U.S. now has 107,801 MW of total installed wind power capacity. That is a 75% increase from the first quarter of 2014, when the U.S. had 61,519 MW of wind power capacity.Meanwhile, the project pipeline stands at 78,376 MW. That includes wind power projects in early development, advanced development or under construction, all scheduled to be completed by 2024.Of that, 13,383 MW of capacity is in the construction phase. The COVID-19 pandemic, however, may cause some of those projects to be delayed or canceled. The American Wind Energy Association said in April that the pandemic has put at risk up to 25 GW of planned projects. Nevertheless, wind developers have expressed confidence that the industry can ride out the economic impact of the pandemic.Oklahoma has the largest pipeline of projects under construction of any state, with projects totaling 2,391 MW of capacity being built. The largest is Invenergy LLC’s 999-MW Traverse Wind Energy Center, in Custer County, Okla., scheduled to come online in December 2021. American Electric Power Co. Inc. in May said it would invest $2 billion in wind farms in Oklahoma, including the Traverse project.Texas closely follows, with projects totaling 2,318 MW of capacity under construction. The state’s largest project under construction is FGE Power’s 500.4-MW Goodnight Wind Energy farm, in Armstrong County. The projected online date of the $900.7 million project is June 2021, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence data.[Justin Horwath]More ($): U.S. saw record Q1 for wind power capacity additionslast_img read more

Peruvian Minister of Defense is Proud of Armed Forces’ Actions During El Niño Costero

first_imgBy Marcos Ommati/Diálogo September 25, 2017 In March 2017, Peru was impacted by El Niño Costero, a weather event characterized by an unusual heating of the ocean along the coast of Peru and Ecuador. In Peru, the phenomenon affected more than a million people nationwide and left more than 100 dead. Despite the tragedy, Peru co-hosted the 2017 South American Defense Conference (SOUTHDEC) along with the United States, through U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM). Peruvian Minister of Defense Jorge Nieto Montesinos addressed the participants during the opening ceremony. Diálogo took the opportunity to speak with him about some national security issues.Diálogo: Many of the countries present at SOUTHDEC helped Peru with its humanitarian aid efforts after El Niño Costero.Peruvian Minister of Defense Jorge Nieto Montesinos: I want to thank them for that, and I want to thank all of the countries as well as the government, but also everyone here who helped us during the emergency this summer, giving us aid and sending us materials; for example, equipment to be able to respond to the emergency that we had to face in that moment. And I want to reiterate that your aid was very useful and that our Armed Forces and our entire government were able to effectively use it to benefit our people.Diálogo: How is the Ministry of Defense participating in the reconstruction phase?Minister Nieto: We have been very proud of the involvement of our Armed Forces during the response to El Niño Costero. Admiral [José] Paredes, [the chief of the Peruvian Armed Forces Joint Command] is with me on that. He was the one who led the operation for the deployment of troops at that time. Now we are in the reconstruction phase. We are helping with the work we were asked to help with. We are waiting for the process to move forward, for the project to develop further, and we will be expecting to participate in whatever ways we are asked to.Diálogo: What is the significance for Peru of jointly organizing the South American Defense Conference with the United States?Minister Nieto: In the first place, I want to express my gratitude that on this occasion this meeting is taking place in our country. It is a show of friendship and also of trust in the possibility of appropriately doing the work involved in organizing a meeting like this. The meeting, which begins today, is extremely important. The purpose of this meeting is to discuss experiences relating to issues of terrorism, the issue of cyber defense, and issues concerning trafficking, particularly drug trafficking. The experiences our various countries have had in facing these problems are gathered, knowledge is exchanged, and thus we try to improve the capacities of our Armed Forces in order to confront the problems they may be faced with.Diálogo: Are these new problems or threats?Minister Nieto: Just a few years ago, we thought we were entering a much safer world, but a decade, a decade-and-a-half later, that is not the reality. We have the same uncertainties as we had in the past, but they may have changed. Add to that a new kind of uncertainty, and as an old author says, those uncertainties were part of our lack of knowledge about the world. These uncertainties are often the result of our knowledge of the world. The problem that typifies this is global climate change, which stems solely from the actions of humankind and from our capacity for development applied to production without the controls necessary to avoid that aspect of the problem – the environment in which we live. And as such, these new uncertainties that often stem from our knowledge have to be studied from every perspective, given that they are global problems. And these global problems are seen in every corner of the world and therefore generate many perspectives through which to see them. Therefore, we need meetings like this one that allow for an exchange, analysis, and evolution, because we are facing problems that are often new or old problems that have taken on a new form, but about which we are receiving information, having experiences, and getting knowledge every day that needs to be put on the table and exchanged so that we all learn together and so that we are all able to find appropriate ways of making our world more secure.Diálogo: What are the Ministry of Defense and the Peruvian Armed Forces doing to decrease the production of coca in Peru?Minister Nieto: The issue of drug trafficking is an issue for our National Police, which is making enormous efforts to combat it. Our Armed Forces, especially in the Valley of the Apurímac, Ene and Mantaro rivers [VRAEM, per its Spanish acronym], have a responsibility, and we support the work of our National Police. They are using every measure necessary to keep it under control. As you know, the problem of cocaine trafficking is not a problem that has only a political solution or only a military solution. There is a set of problems that have to be faced and addressed to be able to reduce cocaine trafficking: from the issue of the global demand that exists for this type of product to everything having to do with the supply of chemical products necessary for its production, or the flow of money through financial channels that allows for specifically controlling this process – this international criminal activity. Our Armed Forces are permanently engaged in this. We have just received various reports on this from VRAEM, and we are working hard on it. So much so, that the problem is beginning to evolve in our country, and areas where the work of criminal groups was mostly based are now being displaced to other areas around the country. We are also working to stay up to date on this. Recently, we had a conversation with Brazilian Minister of Defense [Raul Jungmann] about this issue, to work together in a combined way along our shared border, taking charge of this problem because it is a transnational problem.Diálogo: Is there still a Shining Path presence in VRAEM?Minister Nieto: What we have in VRAEM is the remains of, what is left over from what was once the Shining Path. In reality, it is a family clan, the Quispe Palomino family clan, which has now left behind practically any strategy for power and has basically devoted itself to providing cover and travel services to drug trafficking gangs. So we still have the problem, it’s there. The geographic setting in VRAEM is very complicated. It is a very complex jungle, very intricate, with many geographic complications. They are basically all in one area, and we are working on that. We are working to contain their activities.last_img read more

FDA proposes rules to reduce Salmonella in eggs

first_img The cost of implementing the proposed rules is estimated at $82 million per year, or from 19 cents to $1 per hen, depending on the size of the farm, according to Louis J. Carson, deputy director of CFSAN’s food safety and security staff, who also spoke at the news conference. He said the rules are expected to pay about $490 million in annual benefits, mainly from reduced hospitalization costs and fewer cases of chronic arthritis and other long-term effects of salmonellosis. Cleaning and disinfection of poultry houses where an environmental sample or egg has tested positive for SE Producer testing of environmental samples from poultry houses for SE and follow-up steps when a sample tests positive The FDA also said it is aware of illness outbreaks linked with undercooked eggs served in restaurants and is seeking comments on whether to propose new requirements to prevent those cases. Designation of a person responsible for SE prevention at each farm Cianci said the proposal focuses on large poultry farms because they account for most egg production and because smaller farms have not been implicated as sources of Salmonella in any recent egg-related outbreaks. But he added, “We’re soliciting comment on whether or not it [the proposed rule] should be required for the smaller farms.” Transovarian SE contamination of eggs has been recognized as a problem since the 1980s, Carson reported. “It’s taken us a while to try and identify this and to recognize that the contamination is inside the egg and what we might be able to do to reduce the contamination,” he said. Refrigerated storage of eggs on the farm The proposed regulations are published in the Federal Register today, marking the beginning of a 90-day comment period. Carson said he couldn’t predict when the rules will take effect, but said, “We would think that certainly by the end of ’05 or the beginning of ’06 we’d have a final rule out.” Sep 22, 2004 (CIDRAP News) – The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is proposing a set of regulations to reduce Salmonella enteritidis (SE) contamination of eggs on poultry farms, with a goal of reducing human SE infections by about 28%. SE contamination of eggs “occurs as a result of infection of the hen’s reproductive tract, and so the Salmonella are transferred to the inside of the egg,” Robert Brackett, director of the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN), told reporters in a Sep 20 teleconference. “The proposed measures are designed to reduce the likelihood that this transovarian contamination would occur.” In announcing the proposal this week, the FDA said it estimates that about 118,000 people get sick each year from eating SE-contaminated eggs that have not been fully cooked. The incidence has been fairly steady in recent years, officials said. The regulations apply to poultry farms that have at least 3,000 layer hens and don’t already pasteurize their eggs or use a comparable safety step, the FDA said. Such large farms account for more than 99% of eggs produced in the United States. The regulations cover: The development of the proposed regulations began in 1999, according to Carson. CFSAN spokesman Sebastian Cianci told CIDRAP News the FDA implemented two rules aimed at SE in 2001. One requires restaurants, retail stores, foodservice operations, and institutions to refrigerate eggs at 45ºF or lower; the other requires that egg cartons bear a label stating that eggs should be refrigerated until used and cooked until yolks are firm. Carson said the poultry industry has recognized since the early 1980s that on-farm measures to prevent SE contamination are important. “Many producers today participate in quality assurance programs, and those quality assurance programs may have one or more of these measures already in there,” he added. Procurement of chicks and pullets A biosecurity program to prevent the spread of SE from the environment into poultry houses or between poultry houses In developing the new regulations, the FDA consulted the US Poultry and Egg Association, state veterinarians, and consumer groups, Carson said. “The implementation of this rule would reduce the number of SE-related illnesses by 33,500 and is a major step in realizing our pubic health goal of a 50% reduction in all salmonellosis and a 50% reduction in SE outbreaks by 2010,” FDA Acting Commissioner Lester M. Crawford said in a news release. See also: Full text of proposed regulations (278 pages)http://www.fda.gov/OHRMS/DOCKETS/98fr/1996p-0418-npr0002.pdflast_img read more