FARC Raises its Minimum Recruitment Age

first_img Rhetoric In agreeing to raise the minimum recruitment age, Márquez did not miss the chance to denounce State military recruitment as being “forced and favorable to the urban elite who are able to shirk service requirements based on social status.” He further used media attention to condemn the military use of batidas which are checkpoints that are set up at random by Soldiers. Traditionally, batidas have been used to determine if Colombian males have defined their military status after finishing secondary school or when reaching the age of 18 as required by law. If those stopped by Soldiers cannot provide justification as to why they have not defined their status, they may be immediately ordered to duty. If the FARC does indeed keep its promise to release children, the ICBF will play a direct role in helping demobilized children re-integrate into society through what is known as a “disengagement process.” As stated by ICBF Director Marco Zuluaga, this would ideally involve a trained professional who would be placed in the home with the child to help with the transition. By Dialogo March 23, 2015 FARC negotiator Iván Márquez further indicated during follow-on interviews with the Colombian based news media company Caracol that any children under the minimum recruitment age would be “discharged from the war” within a short period of time as it is not FARC policy to recruit minors in the first place. He also used the moment to promulgate propaganda aimed at discrediting Colombian Military recruitment practices while simultaneously denying any fault by the FARC in this arena. In agreeing to raise the minimum recruitment age, Márquez did not miss the chance to denounce State military recruitment as being “forced and favorable to the urban elite who are able to shirk service requirements based on social status.” He further used media attention to condemn the military use of batidas which are checkpoints that are set up at random by Soldiers. Traditionally, batidas have been used to determine if Colombian males have defined their military status after finishing secondary school or when reaching the age of 18 as required by law. If those stopped by Soldiers cannot provide justification as to why they have not defined their status, they may be immediately ordered to duty. During decades of operations aimed at combating the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Colombian authorities have seized secret diaries, indoctrination protocols, propaganda flyers, and even information containing specific methods utilized to recruit children. Colombian governmental response to FARC age minimum Ultimately, the end goal of any reintegration is to avoid the risk of regression and to help the demobilized child soldier become an active part of society. Meanwhile, the Colombian government has welcomed the move made by the FARC to raise the minimum recruitment age from 15 to 17, but President Manuel Santos indicated it is not enough and demanded the release of minors currently in the hands of the FARC. He further expressed angst at why they chose 17 as its age minimum when norms for combat participation are 18 in Colombia. Still, any progress in the ongoing two-year negotiation process is a step in the right direction according to the chief government negotiator. Márquez accuses the Colombian government of forcing military service when in reality it is invoking its right to mandate military conscription which is an established international practice. Per the Colombian constitution, Article 216 clearly states that all Colombians are required to take up arms when necessary to defend national independence and public institutions. Additional guidelines such as law 48 (approved in 1993) clearly outline service requirements which range from 12-24 months. The Colombian government is also clear about age recruitment minimums. The Army’s minimum age for enlistees is 19, while the Navy’s is 16. Those enlisting under the age of 20 are required to present proof of permission granted by either their parents or their guardian. FARC negotiator Iván Márquez further indicated during follow-on interviews with the Colombian based news media company Caracol that any children under the minimum recruitment age would be “discharged from the war” within a short period of time as it is not FARC policy to recruit minors in the first place. He also used the moment to promulgate propaganda aimed at discrediting Colombian Military recruitment practices while simultaneously denying any fault by the FARC in this arena. Reality As part of peace talk agreements, Márquez has agreed to release any children under the minimum age of service from FARC ranks, but he stated that there are only 13 fighters younger than 15 years of age currently serving in the group. When questioned by news media source Caracol about whether these minors were recruited, Márquez stated that the children are likely offspring of current FARC members or possibly joined the organization after being orphaned. He also added that contrary to institutional propaganda and false claims made by those looking to delegitimize the FARC, under no circumstances does the organization resort to forced recruitment. In fact, he stated that this practice would actually be counterproductive to FARC beliefs and that anyone who joins the group is able to do so consciously and voluntarily between the ages of 15 and 30. The way forward Reality Colombian newspaper El Espectador reported that although the FARC has systematically denied claims regarding child recruitment, it has agreed to raise its minimum recruitment age from 15 to 17 as part of peace agreement talks with the Colombian government. Colombian newspaper El Espectador reported that although the FARC has systematically denied claims regarding child recruitment, it has agreed to raise its minimum recruitment age from 15 to 17 as part of peace agreement talks with the Colombian government. Colombian governmental response to FARC age minimum Conversely, multiple cases documented by Colombian and international news media sources outline forced FARC recruitment of minors in some of the poorest areas of the country such as Caquetá, Antioquia, Tolima, Vaupés, Cauca, and Putumayo. In fact, the Colombian Family Welfare Institute (ICBF) reported data indicating that of the 5,075 children demobilized from guerilla groups between 1992 and 2012, 3,000 pertained to the FARC. This is not to say that all demobilized children were forcefully recruited, but it is a known tactic utilized by the FARC. The way forward During decades of operations aimed at combating the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Colombian authorities have seized secret diaries, indoctrination protocols, propaganda flyers, and even information containing specific methods utilized to recruit children. Conversely, multiple cases documented by Colombian and international news media sources outline forced FARC recruitment of minors in some of the poorest areas of the country such as Caquetá, Antioquia, Tolima, Vaupés, Cauca, and Putumayo. In fact, the Colombian Family Welfare Institute (ICBF) reported data indicating that of the 5,075 children demobilized from guerilla groups between 1992 and 2012, 3,000 pertained to the FARC. This is not to say that all demobilized children were forcefully recruited, but it is a known tactic utilized by the FARC. Rhetoric As part of peace talk agreements, Márquez has agreed to release any children under the minimum age of service from FARC ranks, but he stated that there are only 13 fighters younger than 15 years of age currently serving in the group. When questioned by news media source Caracol about whether these minors were recruited, Márquez stated that the children are likely offspring of current FARC members or possibly joined the organization after being orphaned. He also added that contrary to institutional propaganda and false claims made by those looking to delegitimize the FARC, under no circumstances does the organization resort to forced recruitment. In fact, he stated that this practice would actually be counterproductive to FARC beliefs and that anyone who joins the group is able to do so consciously and voluntarily between the ages of 15 and 30. Márquez accuses the Colombian government of forcing military service when in reality it is invoking its right to mandate military conscription which is an established international practice. Per the Colombian constitution, Article 216 clearly states that all Colombians are required to take up arms when necessary to defend national independence and public institutions. Additional guidelines such as law 48 (approved in 1993) clearly outline service requirements which range from 12-24 months. The Colombian government is also clear about age recruitment minimums. The Army’s minimum age for enlistees is 19, while the Navy’s is 16. Those enlisting under the age of 20 are required to present proof of permission granted by either their parents or their guardian. If the FARC does indeed keep its promise to release children, the ICBF will play a direct role in helping demobilized children re-integrate into society through what is known as a “disengagement process.” As stated by ICBF Director Marco Zuluaga, this would ideally involve a trained professional who would be placed in the home with the child to help with the transition. Ultimately, the end goal of any reintegration is to avoid the risk of regression and to help the demobilized child soldier become an active part of society. Meanwhile, the Colombian government has welcomed the move made by the FARC to raise the minimum recruitment age from 15 to 17, but President Manuel Santos indicated it is not enough and demanded the release of minors currently in the hands of the FARC. He further expressed angst at why they chose 17 as its age minimum when norms for combat participation are 18 in Colombia. Still, any progress in the ongoing two-year negotiation process is a step in the right direction according to the chief government negotiator. I don’t get it, if the FARC are going to lay down their arms, which means their war activities would end, why do they talk about continuing to recruit people as young as 17 years old? There you can see the FARC’s ability to lie. You think the FARC will put down their weapons?last_img read more

Compliance: Customer due diligence for all accounts

first_img 14SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading » The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network’s (FinCEN) new customer due diligence (CDD) requirements for business accounts are effective May 18, 2018, and CUNA’s compliance staff has received a number of questions. A recent CompBlog post examines CDD procedures and requirements.Bank Secrecy Act regulations do not have specific provisions for CDD requirements for non-business accounts, credit unions generally rely on the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council’s (FFFIEC) examination manual for guidance.The CDD guidance recommends credit unions:Know the true identity of its members;Gain an understanding of a member’s normal and expected transaction activity, based on their occupation or business operations to better determine if something is suspicious, and whether a suspicious activity report (SAR) needs to be filed;last_img read more

Durant among Brooklyn Nets players diagnosed with COVID-19

first_imgThe last team to play the Nets was the Western Conference-leading Los Angeles Lakers, who were stunned 104-102 by Brooklyn on March 10.”All players and members of the Nets travel party are being asked to remain isolated, closely monitor their health and maintain constant communication with team medical staff,” the Nets said.The four cases more than double the known number of cases of COVID-19 among NBA players.Utah Jazz defensive standout Rudy Gobert was the first NBA player to test positive — his illness triggering the NBA’s current closure.Teammate Donovan Mitchell and Christian Wood of the Detroit Pistons have also tested positive for the virus.Woods was tested after reporting flu-like symptoms to the Pistons medical staff.Mitchell was tested after Gobert’s positive test, but had not experienced symptoms.”I don’t have any symptoms,” Mitchell said in an interview broadcast by ABC television on Monday. “I could walk down the street [and] if it wasn’t public knowledge that I was sick, you wouldn’t know it. I think that’s the scariest part about this virus.”You may seem fine, be fine. And you never know who you may be talking to, who they’re going home to.” Kevin Durant is reportedly among four Brooklyn Nets players who have tested positive for the new coronavirus and are in isolation.The injured Durant, who has yet to play for the Nets since signing for the club last year, confirmed to The Athletic website he had tested positive for the virus.”Everyone be careful, take care of yourself and quarantine. We’re going to get through this,” Durant was quoted as saying. News that the two-time NBA Finals MVP was among those who had contracted the virus came soon after the Nets confirmed four players had tested positive for COVID-19.”Four Brooklyn Nets players have tested positive for the COVID-19 virus,” the team said in a statement. “Of the four, one player is exhibiting symptoms while three are asymptomatic.”All four players are presently isolated and under the care of team physicians.”The Nets said they were notifying known contacts of the players including those from teams who played against the Nets shortly before the NBA shut down its season indefinitely on March 12.center_img Topics :last_img read more

WPB Mayor Keith James Invites You to a Town Virtual Hall

first_imgDear West Palm Beach neighbor:I am writing to invite you to a virtual community Town Hall tonight at 5 p.m.These past few weeks have once again brought the issues of social justice, racial equity, and police/community relations to the forefront. What would victory in these areas look like for West Palm Beach?Join us for the Town Hall. We will share updates coming out of the City and community, answer your questions, and receive your comments. This virtual event is FREE and open to the public.Joining us for the Town Hall will be: Hon. Lois Frankel, U.S. Representative (FL-District 21), Hon. David Kerner, Palm Beach County Mayor, Hon. David Aronberg, Palm Beach County State Attorney, West Palm Beach Police Chief Franklin Adderley, Bishop A. J. Wright, Manifest Church Head Pastor, Patrick Franklin, Urban League of PBC President & CEO, and Rick Reikenis, Chamber of Commerce of the Palm Beaches Chair.To join the webinar via Zoom, just click this link: https://zoom.us/j/98307633955. Written questions, comments and feedback may be submitted live via the Zoom webinar.You may also listen to the Town Hall via the phone by dialing: (888) 475-4499 or (877) 853-5257 (Webinar ID: 983 0763 3955). We will also broadcast the Town Hall LIVE on Facebook, WPB-TV, YouTube and on our website.If you would like to submit a question or comment but won’t be able to join the Zoom event, you may do so on our website. Please visit: https://www.wpb.org/government/communications/virtual-town-hall. If you miss the Town Hall, don’t worry. We will rebroadcast it on all of our channels.I hope you can join us. This will be the first of many conversations, actions and collaborations held in our city with the goals of developing a mutual understanding among our residents and strengthening the unity in our community. Working together, we can make progress for an even better West Palm Beach.Yours in service,Keith A. James, Mayorlast_img read more

SPIRIT OF XIAN HEADS COMPETITIVE FIELD OF 10 IN SUNDAY’S GRADE II, $200,000 HONEYMOON FOR 3-YEAR-OLD FILLIES AT 1 1/8 MILES ON TURF

first_imgARCADIA, Calif. (April 30, 2015)–Hall of Fame trainer Richard Mandella sends out Spirit of Xian in Sunday’s Grade II, $200,000 Honeymoon Stakes for 3-year-old fillies with a field of 10 set to go 1 1/8 miles on the turf.Spirit of Xian will seek her second graded stakes win in a row as she comes off an impressive neck victory after leading throughout in the Grade III Providencia April 4. In her first stateside start for Mandella on Feb. 14, she ran a game third after steadying off heels in a hillside turf sprint, the Sweet Life Stakes.Spirit of Xian had previously raced in the UK, Ireland and France in only turf sprits prior to the Sweet Life, and after the Providencia Mandella was candid about having had concerns about her distance limitations. “You could see, she meant to be on the lead, and Joe (Talamo) did a great job. I was lacking confidence, and I told Joe, ‘If you’re not sure she can get the last quarter, get off and run yourself.’ He didn’t have to.”A filly by Kodiac out of the Touch Gold dam Gold Again, Spirit of Xian is owned by Ben Keswick. She is 10-3-0-2 overall with $134,068 in earnings.Trainer Matt Chew will return his Singing Kitty to turf after a fifth place run in the Grade I, 1 1/16 mile Santa Anita Oaks in which she lost to current Kentucky Oaks favorite, Stellar Wind.A winner of both the one mile turf Cal Cup Oaks Jan. 24 and the China Doll on March 7, she will be vying for her first graded stakes victory in the Honeymoon.With two wins from four starts in 2105, Singing Kitty is by Ministers Wild Cat and owned by Chris Aulds and Peter Jeong. She is 9-4-0-0- overall with $243,378 in earnings.The Jerry Hollendorfer trained Lutine Belle will attempt to return to her Blue Norther Stakes form, a mile turf race in which she won Jan. 1. Fifth in the Grade I Las Virgenes Jan. 31 two starts back and eighth in the April 4 Providencia, her most recent start, Lutine Belle returns to turf for only the third time in an nine race career.She is owned by KMN Racing, LLC with earnings of $98,950. Jockey Corey Nakatani gains the mount for the first time Sunday.With all fillies assigned 117 pounds, the Honeymoon Stakes will be run as the eighth race on an eight-race card. Here’s the field, with jockeys in post position order: Screaming Skylar, Victor Espinoza; Spanish Queen, Brice Blanc; Havanna Belle, Rafael Bejarano; Lutine Belle, Corey Nakatani; Sharla Rae, Drayden Van Dyke; Prize Exhibit, Mike Smith; Star Via Strada, Tiago Pereira; Entrechat, Flavien Prat; Spirit of Xian, Joseph Talamo; Singing Kitty, Tyler Baze.                 First post time on Sunday is at 12:30 p.m. Admission gates open at 10:30 a.m.last_img read more

49ers mailbag: Why so few snaps for Dante Pettis, Solomon Thomas?

first_imgYOUNGSTOWN, Ohio – Being embedded with the 49ers here in northeast Ohio offers time on an off day to catch up on fans’ questions submitted via my Twitter and Instagram:What is the deal with Pettis? Is his injury worse than the team believed or lead on or is he in the doghouse? Both? (@ClellandChad)Kyle Shanahan expressed surprise that Pettis played just two snaps, and Shanahan vowed it would not happen again. Pettis’ groin issue limited his practice reps the past two weeks, but it is not an …last_img read more

Bacterial Flagellar Motor Has a Protein Clutch

first_imgThe bacterial flagellum, the whiplike outboard motor that has become an icon of intelligent design, has another artificial-looking part: a clutch.  Science reported this in “machine language” as follows:1The bacterial flagellum, powered by a motor that generates 1400 pN-nm of torque, can rotate at a frequency of greater than 100 Hz.  EpsE [the clutch protein] disabled this powerful biological motor when associated with a flagellar basal body and, in a manner similar to that of a clutch, disengaged the drive train from the power sourcee (fig.  S5B).  Clutch control of flagellar function has distinct advantages over transcriptional control of flagellar gene expression for regulating motility.  Some bacteria, such as E. coli and B. subtilis, have many flagella per cell.  The flagellum is an elaborate, durable, energetically expensive, molecular machine and simply turning off de novo flagellum synthesis does not necessarily arrest motility.  Once flagellar gene expression is inactivated, multiple rounds of cell division may be required to segregate preexisting flagella to extinction in daughter cells.  In contrast, the clutch requires the synthesis of only a single protein to inhibit motility.  Furthermore, if biofilm formation is prematurely aborted, flagella once disabled by the clutch might be reactivated, allowing cells to bypass fresh investment in flagellar synthesis.  Whereas flagellum expression and assembly are complex and slow, clutch control is simple, rapid, and potentially reversible.The clutch thus puts the flagellum in neutral and lets the motor idle without having to be shut down.  Among the co-authors of the paper was Howard Berg of Harvard, who has spent many years studying the molecular motor.  The paper did not attempt to explain how a clutch might evolve by natural selection.    For popular reports on this finding, with illustrations of how the clutch works, visit NSF News, Nano.org, Photonics.com, PhysOrg and Science Daily.  ARN discussed the paper from an intelligent design perspective.1.  Blair, Turner, Winkelman, Berg and Kearns, “A Molecular Clutch Disables Flagella in the Bacillus subtilis Biofilm,” Science, 20 June 2008: Vol. 320. no. 5883, pp. 1636 – 1638, DOI: 10.1126/science.1157877.This is another of many instances of one of the best-established laws in nature: evolutionary storytelling is inversely proportional to observational detail.  A good scientific law needs a popular name.  Write in with your suggestion.(Visited 43 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Darwinism Animalizes Human Values

first_img(Visited 323 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 What could be more noble than striving for peace and avoiding conflict? Well, now the Darwinians say that peacemaking evolved by natural selection, too.Jesus said, “Blessed are the peacemakers, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” To scientific materialists, there are no heavens, and Jesus was just a teacher at a certain time and place. And yet something within us knows that peace is better than conflict. How do they explain it with their only tool, Darwinian evolution?In “The Evolution of Conflict Resolution” (Phys.org), evolutionists at Northeastern University admit that animals don’t resolve conflicts the way humans do. But since animals evolved (in their thinking) to develop territoriality, battle and hierarchy, human peacemaking must have evolved differently. But it evolved nonetheless. Having come up with a model of “host-guest behavior,” the Darwinians explain human peacemaking:“This is especially interesting in the context of human biological behavior because in the animal kingdom, territoriality or ownership norms are ubiquitous.”And so, how and why did the host-guest norm evolve into the more socially accepted conflict resolution in human beings, and how might that affect the future? The research suggests that this is due to the dynamic nature of the social network which allows actors to choose their interaction partners. This entails that insofar ownership and territoriality are probably widespread due to the intrinsic importance of holding resources or the value of owning a territory rather than as a convention for avoiding conflict. Riedl and his fellow researchers are hard at work to unveil additional details about the evolutionary dynamics of when or where certain conventions may arise.In recent days, we are witnessing major peacemaking efforts around the world. Jared Kushner spoke today in Jerusalem about peacemaking efforts between Israel and the Palestinians (YouTube), surrounded by eminent leaders who applauded these values. President Trump is working to avoid nuclear conflict by meeting next month with the North Korean communist dictator. To the Darwinists, these are simply biological networks that have reached a temporary equilibrium. Peacemaking efforts are mere conventions that work out for a time, but are dynamic measures of what organisms prefer under evolving circumstances. Ultimately, they have no meaning or content. They are just natural manifestations of the Stuff Happens Law (natural selection).Of course, Darwinians of yesteryear thought that conflict was the means of evolutionary progress. Survival of the fittest required the strong to dominate the weak. We all know where that led. In today’s kinder, gentler Darwinism, cooperation is valued. This shows that evolutionary theory itself evolves. Either way, human behaviors have no ultimate meaning. Neither does reasoning about evolutionary theory. If today’s cooperative Darwinism evolves into something vastly different, such as deeper conflict or extinction, so be it.To any Darwinians reading this who object to our characterization of natural selection as the “Stuff Happens Law,” listen to population geneticist Andrew Jones on ID the Future 25 April 2018. He affirms that many of today’s Darwinians discount the role of natural selection, favoring genetic drift instead. And what is genetic drift? Random chance! Stuff happens.last_img read more

SA boat builders riding high

first_img11 January 2006The latest product of South Africa’s vibrant boat-building industry – a first-of-its-kind high-speed luxury catamaran that sold off the drawing board to an American buyer for R7.5-million – was launched in Cape Town recently ahead of its debut at the 2007 Miami Boatshow.The Stealth 540 – dubbed the Flying Gurnard – is the most advanced power catamaran yet built in South Africa. The hydrofoil-assisted craft is equipped with “hysucat” technology developed by Professor Karl-Gunter Hoppe from the University of Stellenbosch.‘Q-speed’ propulsion systemAccording to Stealth Yachts, this combines the power of twin Man 800 horsepower diesel engines with the revolutionary “Q-speed” propulsion system – which means the propellors are surface piercing and never fully in the water – to give extraordinary speed and fuel efficiency.The Flying Gurnard is expected to achieve a maximum speed of 45 knots, but will cruise for up to 1 000 miles at 28 to 30 knots using only 55 litres of diesel per hour – compared to about 150 litres per hour for a similar power boat moving at only 22 knots.The Stealth 540 will debut at the Miami Boatshow in February before heading to the Americas Cup in Valencia, Spain – where South Africa’s Team Shosholoza will be participating – in May.One-third of global catamaran salesSouth Africa’s boat-building industry is drawing increasing global interest. Almost every week now a new luxury catamaran is launched at Cape Town’s Waterfront harbour before setting sail for its new owners, a large number of whom are based in America and Europe.Reporting on the Stealth 540 launch in December, Reuters correspondent Wendell Roelf said it was one of a record 290 luxury boats expected to be launched from South Africa in 2006, with most local boat builders now averaging around four yachts a year compared to around one a year 12 years ago.“A few years ago SA held only 0.5% of the sailing catamaran market,” Roelf writes. “Today it accounts for 30% of global sales, says International Boating Industry magazine.”Besides sailing catamarans, Roelf reports, SA has also established a global presence in four other markets: power catamarans, large mono-hulled yachts, inflatable boats and ocean-going kayaks.Bruce Tedder, chairman of the Cape Town Boatbuilding Initiative (CTBi), said the industry was now worth about R1.5-billion and employed about 3 500 people in the Western Cape, where most of the country’s boat-builders are located.Referring to Stealth Yachts’ second high-speed luxury catamaran – the first was also sold to an American – Tedder said that while SA enjoyed a fair amount of respect globally when it came to boat-building, the industry had never been renowned for building high-speed luxury powerboats.“We are, however, consistently raising the bar”.The Stealth 540, he said, was “a new style of boat and this is the first one of its kind in the world and a great vote of confidence.”SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

A helping hand in the time of natural calamities

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