At present, anthropogenic halogens and oceanic emissions of Very Short-Lived Substances (VSLS) are responsible for stratospheric ozone destruction. Emissions of the, mostly long-lived, anthropogenic halogens have been reduced, and as a consequence, their atmospheric abundance has started to decline since the beginning of the 21st century. Emissions of VSLS are, on the other hand, expected to increase in the future. VSLS are known to have large natural sources; however increasing evidence arises that their oceanic production and emission is enhanced by anthropogenic activities. Here, we introduce a new approach of assessing the overall impact of all oceanic halogen emissions on stratospheric ozone by calculating Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP)-weighted emissions of VSLS. Seasonally and spatially dependent, global distributions are derived exemplary for CHBr3 for the period 1999–2006. At present, ODP-weighted emissions of CHBr3 amount up to 50% of ODP-weighted anthropogenic emissions of CFC-11 and to 9% of all long-lived ozone depleting substances. The ODP-weighted emissions are large where strong oceanic emissions coincide with high-reaching convective activity and show pronounced peaks at the equator and the coasts with largest contributions from the Maritime Continent and West Pacific. Variations of tropical convective activity lead to seasonal shifts in the spatial distribution of the ODP with the updraught mass flux explaining 71% of the variance of the ODP distribution. Future climate projections based on RCP8.5 scenario suggest a 31% increase of the ODP-weighted CHBr3 emissions until 2100 compared to present values. This increase is related to larger convective activity and increasing emissions in a future climate; however, is reduced at the same time by less effective bromine-related ozone depletion. The comparison of the ODP-weighted emissions of short and long-lived halocarbons provides a new concept for assessing the overall impact of oceanic bromine emissions on stratospheric ozone depletion for current conditions and future projections.
Happy feet in a hostile world? The future of penguins depends on proactive management of current and expected threats
Penguins face a wide range of threats. Most observed population changes have been negative and have happened over the last 60 years. Today, populations of 11 of the 18 penguin species are decreasing. Here we present a review that synthesizes details of threats faced by the world’s 18 species of penguins. We discuss alterations to their environment at both breeding sites on land and at sea where they forage. The major drivers of change appear to be climate, and food web alterations by marine fisheries. In addition, we also consider other critical and/or emerging threats, namely human disturbance near nesting sites, pollution due to oil, plastics and chemicals such as mercury and persistent organic compounds. Finally, we assess the importance of emerging pathogens and diseases on the health of penguins. We suggest that in the context of climate change, habitat degradation, introduced exotic species and resource competition with fisheries, successful conservation outcomes will require new and unprecedented levels of science and advocacy. Successful conservation stories of penguin species across their geographical range have occurred where there has been concerted effort across local, national and international boundaries to implement effective conservation planning.
The Living Last SupperThursday, April 17, 7 p.m.Friday, April 18,7 p.m.Ocean City Tabernacle550 Wesley Avenue In the year 1498, when Leonardo da Vinci painted the Last Supper on the wall of a monastery, each figure was posed in such a way that the twelve disciples and Jesus practically come to life.St. Peter’s United Methodist Church, in conjunction with the Ocean City Tabernacle, presents a live dramatization duplicating the painting, at the Ocean City Tabernacle, 550 Wesley Avenue, in Ocean City.You are invited to experience the Living Last Supper once again, as each disciple depicted in the painting will break their “freeze” and speak his mind in light of the words he has just heard Jesus speak….”One of you will betray me”, drawing you into that incredible moment on Jesus’ journey to the cross. The tension continues to build throughout the drama to Judas’ betrayal of Jesus.Cast includes members of St. Peter’s United Methodist Church, Ocean City Tabernacle, Coastal Christian Ocean City, First Presbyterian Church and Second Cape May Baptist Church portraying the disciples and Jesus.The Living Last Supper is the perfect preparation for your own spiritual journey this Lenten Season. Come and experience an evening of drama, music and worship in the intimacy of the Upper Room as Jesus shares his last meal with His disciples; followed by a unique communion service on April 17 & 18 at 7:00 p.m. at the Ocean City Tabernacle. Admission is free (offering received).— News release from the Ocean City Tabernacle
A baker has warned other small business owners to check social media sites after a rival business assumed her trademarked domain name. Palo Barker noticed the name ‘Barker Bakes’, which has been registered to her for 10 years, posting bakery photos on her Instagram feed and contacted the social network company. Instagram gave Barker access and she changed her password, making it her account.A few days later she was asked to verify her account and provide proof that she owned the company name ‘Barker Bakes’.Barker has owned the domain name for the company, in all its forms, since 2005. The cost ranges from £5 upwards with ‘.co’ the cheapest, and each must be renewed annually. It costs around £200 to trademark a name, which must be renewed every 10 years.If a rival business assumes another’s trademarked identity, it means customers could become confused and also means the business could be paying unnecessary costs to own a name that is being used elsewhere.Barker said: “It has been a nightmare. I posted a few pictures to try and get my account in order and, last Friday, the woman who had been using my business’ name left several offensive comments saying I had hacked her account.”The other business owner had been using Barker’s domain name in her Instagram name for two years and Barker said that, over the years, she had experienced confused customers, but thought they had simply got it wrong.“In Instagram’s rules you need permission to use a registered domain name. She was using the reputation we had built up and she threatened to blacken my name. After that she kept trying to log in so I reported her to Instagram. It was all very distressing and unpleasant.“I think it is important for business to be on social networking sites – we were late adopters of it and that puts us at a disadvantage.“Businesses should use social networking sites if only to find out if someone else is using their name. We should have checked more.”
Our next adventure was my making. It was free ice fishing week and my father had a surplus of ancient gear just lying around. The day started with us attending an unusual virtual religious ceremony over brunch. The ceremony struck Queen unexpectedly causing her to faint, not an unusual occurrence. Thankfully Frog was there to administer salt under her tongue, a childhood trick that always brings her back.Frog and I made waffles, fluffy and full, and Queen managed to snag some bacon. The day was simple: brunch, religious ceremony, and then ice fishing. Easy. We got the ice around 2 p.m., not the most ideal time to start laying traps.The three of us walked onto Clearwater ice, arms full, because of course we can’t go out without a coal grill and red snappers. I had everything: traps, a depth finder, live bait, but no auger. Frog knew a little charm (and a couple of PBRs) would get us a hole drilled and she was right.The traps were set and we sat in summer lawn chairs, a little cold, but ecstatic. Even Queen, who usually shrinks from the cold, was having fun. We know we’re late but we don’t care. We have a grill, PBRs and we’re already making plans for our next attempt, this one is simply practice. We start the coals that warm us like a fire, that great gatherer. We circle it for warmth, the wind bites and the mountains turn to that golden crisp of a sun’s goodbye.We cook the snappers and toast freezer burnt buns that are much too small for the dogs they are to hold, not to mention the mountain of condiments that we’ve brought with us. We find no fish, but a renewed spirit to try again next weekend.****The next week we come better prepared, accompanied by Frog’s colleague, who takes ice fishing seriously, serious in the kind of way of owning a fold out ice shack and a small propane heater. Starting early again we knew would be a problem. We wanted to hit the lake by 7, but of course found ourselves fumbling.Queen called Frog and I who were already in the car.“Have you left yet?”The sound of her voice told us both she was without coffee and breakfast.“Yes, but we can still pick you up.”“I’m still in bed.”Hearing that, I continue towards the lake. Frog tells her that we’ll pick her up when she’s ready. A typical Queen grumble gives us the affirmative.Frog and I arrive at Clearwater to meet our companion, Pike, who arrives at the same time as us. We disembark and head for the ice, our spirits high, our stomachs filled with coffee and Frog’s baked oatmeal. We set up almost exactly where we were last week. A coming home if you will. It felt only right that having gained some knowledge, we try the same spot that we already felt intimately connected to. Pike is game and we drop our gear and shovel and find a spot for his pop up shack.First, the auger.Frog’s first attempt at using an auger spins her like a Looney Tunes character. I laugh and she does too before breaking through to the water below. We begin to prepare the traps. Frog and I exchange glances looking at the live bait before us. Queen had painted all our nails the night before with vibrant colors that have now turned deadly as we hook bait. We think about the potential cruelty we may or may not be committing against the pail of unaware shinners. Frog thanks each one for their sacrifice.After an hour or so of setting up we take up residence in the warmth of the shack. Frog sits down just in time to receive a message from Queen that she’s ready to be picked up. The timing is perfect and Frog heads out, leaving Pike and I to discuss fishing. This brings up a whole series of memories and nostalgia of fishing with my father that I wasn’t quite ready to experience. We have a pole in the shack with a lure on it that we jig.Upon Frog and Queen’s return, Frog hears our fishing conversations and the emotions involved with the loss of a lure. The way the fish that broke the line weighs on the mind and occupies it as you apply a new lure to the line.“Woah, that’s emotional. Is that how men process emotions?”She says that with the energy of an idea taking off. She may be right. We look outside and see a single man sitting in the center of the lake in a summer lawn chair, wearing what looks like a simple flannel.“Guys, he’s processing his feelings.” Frog proclaims.I can’t argue. The deep silence of the lake and the absence of the outside world combined with the emotional experience that fishing apparently produces is all solid evidence for me. I think the next time I decide to go fishing I’ll just be more honest and just say I have some processing to do.The day passes quickly as do all days shared in the presence of a new companion who can keep up conversation. Like the first time, we bring the charcoal grill, but this time we bring the high end delights, pickled kielbasa, beats and sauerkraut, all delicious products of Berry’s Fruit Farm. Queen may have been late, but she came ready to prepare an Argentinian dish: charred bell peppers with an egg cradled in their crest.Yes, there are fish here.The eggs are cooking and the bread is toasting quickly, the meal is on the edge of completion when a flag reaches for the sky. The God beneath the ice has accepted our sacrifices. In an instant the food on the grill is forgotten, abandoned and we circle the hole. Pike begins to pull him up without a fight. We expect something small, but as the line accumulates on the ice’s edge the anticipation grows until the fish reaches the top and is gently pulled out. Pike holds him triumphantly as all fishermen do. We cheer in excitement as to inform the rest of the lake that yes, there are fish here.A 22-inch lake trout sits on the ice before us. Do we keep it? Frog and I have wanted to cook a whole fish for quite some time and now here it is in front of us. I’ll omit the details of the trout’s passing over, but after it’s done we want Queen to hold it, an idea that she is less than keen on, but she does it with her eyes closed and her face scrunched like she’s tasted something sour.The drama is over quickly and I feel strange eating casually with a dead fish on the ice. We’d been waiting for hours for that and now we’re back to waiting. It’s almost as if it didn’t happen and we’re still waiting for a fish that is yet to come.The rest of the day passes gently with a golden sun draping white mountains. We dismantle camp and part ways with our new acquaintance. The fish comes with us as the chosen to be decorated, turned ornate, a dead beautiful creature whose beauty we worship in our preparation of it’s corpse ( I don’t think Queen shares my world view here).The stuffed trout.Calling from Larousse Gastronomique (aka the French Bible) we find a recipe for trout that calls for stuffing. Frog and I set to work, Queen prefers to stay away from the body until it’s abstracted into simple meat. On the stove, celery, onions, garlic carrot and dill all simmer on the stove top while bread crumbs soak in milk. After combining it all we stuff the fish and set it in a pan of white wine, thyme and parsley and let it bake, head and all.Queen has completely lost her appetite, and Frog’s constitution waivers as the head begins to shrivel into the form of a mythic sea creature. Frog, who had been so fervent, is now reconsidering.“It was a beautiful creature and we just took it out of the ice and killed it,” Frog said, growing more intense as the sentence went on. Mind you she is saying this about something she was just posing for pictures with. Queen says something that basically amounts to “I told you so.”The episode isn’t quick to pass and furthers our narrative that we are slowly losing our minds in our pandemic isolation. I feel fine and increasingly hungry so I serve the fish. The stuffing is full of life, toasted to the perfect degree, but the fish is disappointedly bland, lacking totally in flavor. I was the only one who went back for seconds.After a few days in the fridge, resting in the pan the fish did absorb some flavor and now actually tastes quite good, especially having now been removed from the bones. Frog and I are the only ones still eating it, Queen has respectfully opted out.
A new study led by HSPH researchers finds that drinking just one daily sugar-sweetened soda, juice drink, or energy drink may increase a man’s risk for heart disease by 20 percent. Researchers Lawrence de Koning and Frank Hu, professor of nutrition and epidemiology, analyzed data from nearly 43,000 men ages 40 to 75 followed for more than 22 years in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. The risk for daily sugary beverage drinkers held up even after the researchers accounted for other indicators of unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking and not exercising, in addition to family history of heart disease.But the good news for soda drinkers is that they don’t have to give up their habit entirely. “We should treat soda as some kind of treat, not a regular event,” Hu told WebMD. “One or two a week, I don’t think that’s going to be a major problem.” Read Full Story
Governor-Elect Peter Shumlin announced today that Susan Allen and Bianca Slota will take positions on his Executive Office staff. Allen, who has worked as a reporter, editorial writer, and columnist, and is currently the Executive Director of Renewable Energy Vermont, will be Special Assistant to the Governor with responsibilities that include policy work and communications strategies. Slota, previously a reporter for WCAX television, will serve as press secretary.Allen has worked as a political reporter, editorial writer and columnist at the Burlington Free Press and the Associated Press since transferring to Vermont from USA TODAY in 1986. She hosted Vermont Public Television’s live-format television program “Call the Governor.’ Most recently she worked as a reporter and editor of the Barre Montpelier Times Argus before becoming Executive Director of Renewable Energy Vermont, a Montpelier-based non-profit organization, in April. She served as former Gov. Howard Dean’s press secretary from 1997 to 2002, and has extensive experience in Vermont state government. Her salary will be $60,000.Slota joined the WCAX news team as a general assignment reporter in 2007, and she anchored the Channel 3 News at 6 and 11 p.m. on Sundays. She also worked at television stations in Alaska after graduating from the University of Maryland in 2005 with a degree in broadcast journalism. In addition to day-to-day press responsibilities, Slota will focus on new media and web-based communications to enable Vermonters to contribute ideas and communicate with state government in new ways. Her salary will be $45,000.
The Weston Playhouse Theatre Company in Vermont has received national coverage recently, both of its devastating flood damage from Tropical Storm Irene, and of the inspiring community efforts to help with the clean up. Now a group of actors, musicians, designers, and stage managers are showing their love for Weston by holding a star-studded New York benefit on Monday, September 26, 2011. The benefit concert is entitled New York City Loves Vermont ‘ Broadway Floods The Weston Playhouse With Love, and will be performed at New World Stages in the heart of New York’s theatre district. It is organized entirely by a group of Weston alumni. ‘The Weston Playhouse has played a crucial role in the development of so many Broadway artists,’ says co-producer of the event Sharon Wheatley. ‘It has been there for me and my family, and we want to be there now in its time of need. It’s a very special place.’ Wheatley, a veteran of Broadway’s Avenue Q, shares the producer role with former Weston company manager Gretchen Margaroli. ‘The Playhouse staff is in the midst of a herculean clean-up effort,’ says Margaroli. ‘They have their hands full there, so we want to do what we can here.’ Margaroli and Wheatley have gathered a growing list of theatre artists to appear in the one-night-only event, including Broadway notables like Adam Guettel, Sally Ann Howes, Christopher Lloyd, Cass Morgan, Kelli O’Hara, Mercedes Ruehl, and Emily Skinner. Updates to this list will follow in the days ahead. The Weston Playhouse Theatre Company is in its 75th year, and had just completed a $700,000 renovation of its theatre building this spring, including a new orchestra pit, sound system, expanded dressing rooms, and costly contributions to a sprinkler system. The flood destroyed much of the new construction. Cost of the repairs are still being assessed, but are estimated to be well over $300,000.‘We are so moved by the support we’re getting, from both the Vermont and Broadway communities,’ says Resident Producing Director Steve Stettler. ‘We’ve got a lot of work to do, but we need to remember that we’re not the only ones hurting.’ In the days after the flood, local community members showed up in droves to help, but the Playhouse encouraged volunteers to help other local businesses and homeowners before starting work on the theatre. In addition to the performances, there will be a raffle with an array of valuable prizes, from Broadway theatre tickets, to salon services, to unique items available nowhere else. In keeping with the Vermont theme, the first 100 people to arrive at the event will get a sample of genuine Vermont maple syrup from the Coombs Family Farms. ABOUT: New York City Loves Vermont — Broadway Floods the Weston Playhouse with Love: A Benefit Concert will be an evening of entertainment by Broadway artists to raise money for Vermont’s Weston Playhouse Theatre Company. WHERE: New World Stages, 340 West 50th St, between 8th and 9th Avenues at World Wide Plaza. WHEN: Monday, September 26, 2011. One night only!6PM doors open, the first 100 people to arrive will get a sample of Vermont maple syrup7PM performance WHO: Gretchen Margaroli, co-producer; Sharon Wheatley, co-producer; Frances Limoncelli, director; Rob Meffe, musical supervisor; Daniel Feyer, assistant musical supervisor; Lloyd Davis, Jr, Emily Levin, Melissa Spengler, stage managers; Kim Carbone, sound design; Brad Peterson, lighting design. Hosts: Charma and David Bonanno. Appearances by: Sally Ann Howes, Christopher Lloyd, Cass Morgan, Kelli O’Hara, Mercedes Ruehl, Emily Skinner, Lillias White and a host of other Broadway and Weston Playhouse performers. Updates to this list will follow in the days ahead. TICKETS: Advance tickets are $101.50, call 212-239-6200 or visit telecharge.comOn the day of the performance $36.50 tickets will be available at the box office to Weston alumni and artists with a union card or a picture/resume. DONATE: Those who can’t attend the benefit can donate online: https://www.westonplayhouse.org/donate.php(link is external)
By Dialogo March 26, 2009 Nearly 3,000 victims of the earthquake that devastated several regions of southern Peru in 2007 marched to Lima to denounce the government’s laziness in reconstructing the affected area. The mayors of Pisco, Chincha and Ica, the towns destroyed by the earthquake, led the march to the Peruvian capital and demanded that the country’s President, Alan García, fulfill the financial commitments promised to the 46,000 victims. At a hearing in the Congress of the Republic, the authorities called upon García to implement the works planned in 2007 to rebuild the area, as well as the delivery of bonds worth 6,000 soles (2,000 U.S. dollars) to each of the families affected by the tremor. “The President has to issue emergency decrees to overcome bureaucratic obstacles and implement reconstruction works that are approved and budgeted,” claimed the president of the Association of Municipalities of People Affected by the Earthquake (AMUPAT), Lucio Juárez. According to Juarez, only 10 percent of the area has been restored and most of that was due to foreign cooperation. “It is a shame how little interest the state has in restoring this area, and that we have to live on charity from other countries,” he added. The President of AMUPAT considered the conditions in which people are living “outrageous. After nearly two years people are still sleeping in tents and children are studying on mats on the floor because they have not rebuilt the schools,” he complained. Southern Peru, especially the city of Pisco, was devastated on August 15, 2007 by an earthquake measuring 7.9 degrees on the Richter scale which left 595 dead, over 300 missing, and 75,000 houses destroyed.
Newcastle boss Alan Pardew is already planning his summer recruitment drive as he attempts to rid the club of its soft “under-belly”. The 51-year-old was handed an eight-year contract last September – two days before the Magpies embarked on a run of just three wins in 18 Barclays Premier League games. Pardew revealed he was reassured his job was never under threat despite their alarming slide. He said: “It’s rare in football to have the position that I have had, and even with the results I had, the message from upstairs was that I was going to be retained as manager, which was a good feeling for me – perhaps not so much for our fans at times.” Pardew continued: “I hope to repay that in the longer term because obviously I was aware of the problems and I am aware of the problems we still have. We need to strengthen the under-belly of this football club and we need to do that this summer, probably. “If we can do that, then we are going to be well-set for next year because we have got some very good players on our books now.” Ashley funded the January spending spree which saw Pardew recruit five senior players, one of whom – Moussa Sissoko – turned in a match-winning display in Saturday’s 3-2 victory over European champions Chelsea. That was as much an illustration of his continuing faith in the former West Ham boss as it was an admission that the club had got it wrong during the summer with its frugal approach, and Llambias confirmed that on Thursday. He told the Evening Chronicle: “The club has never had stability. It needs it. This is too big a club not to have stability. “Do we want to find ourselves in a situation when we have a manager for 15 or 20 years? Absolutely. If the manager works, we work. You cannot get any better than that. Eventually you will bring to the club what it has been crying out for. Stability is a big thing for us.” Llambias also indicated that Newcastle are likely to concentrate on the European market once again when they look for further reinforcements, with British talent too expensive for their liking. However, that was news to Pardew, who said: “That’s a view that he has – it’s not something that I personally hold. All the markets are open to us and whatever becomes available, we will take the best option we think is there.” Press Association