Bringing Guyana into disgrace

first_imgDear Editor,I do not often respond to articles of other writers but it is expedient that I respond to two articles written recently. These are The Peeper and the other by Lincoln Lewis. Of the two writers, The Peeper was somewhat subtle in his assessment of the Kadir matter, unlike Lewis who was his usual shameless self in full support of evil and evil regime actions.The matter before us is the “honouring” of the former parliamentarian Abdul Kadir by the PNC-led coalition in the hallowed House of Parliament.  This salute to a convicted criminal comes ten months after his death in prison for a terrorist plot to blow up the JFK Airport. There are audio tapes to prove that this man is guilty of plotting to blow up the airport at rush-hour traffic, causing mass casualties to persons using the said facility. Kadir was found guilty by way of investigation under the Terrorist Act of the USA and sentenced to life imprisonment where he later died in incarceration.Now, to acclaim this man as a “hero” for his contribution to the State called Guyana or, to put it in Lincoln’s words, “normal” for the National Assembly to give recognition to deceased MPs is shamefully ludicrous. I say shamefully ludicrous because Lincoln is simply dressing up a terrorist by a new name in the same way he and his comrades are calling corruption by a new name. If Lincoln wants to play the fool, he can, but do not encapsulate my country, my people, in such an asinine move. We would never be part of that.If he and his PNC comrades want to congratulate, acclaim, or whatever the term they might want to call it, then do so at Congress Place, but not in The National Assembly. What was done in Parliament last Friday will go down as an acclamation of “The People of Guyana” when in truth and fact, it is the PNC that is making that resolution. This move must be condemned by all right-thinking persons.The point I am making is that these writers are under the deceitful and conceited notion that a person that did not carry out an act cannot be considered guilty. Well, they are ever so wrong, you cannot wait for a terrorist to carry out an act then call him a terrorist, the fact is his evil schemes can prove that he is a terrorist. Their foolish interpretation is a “thief is only a thief when he is caught”. This is utter trash and Lincoln and others are peddling that form of foolishness to a civilised world.  Or, greater still, try telling the Sri Lankan people that foolishness that these plotters who caused mass killings over there were not terrorists. Subtlety and the ability to go undetected is the means on which terrorism thrives, so this nonsense peddled by Lincoln and friends is outrageous, to say the least.So, the point is established that the PNC wants the world to know that they are supporters of terrorism, only this time bringing the hallowed name of our country into its disgraceful scheme.He is a convicted terrorist there is no doubt about that.Respectfully,Neil   Adamslast_img read more

Contractors now being mobilised to execute flood relief works

first_imgRegion 5 floodsAfter weeks of assault from the raging waves from the sea due to inadequate, and in some instances, damaged sea defence, residents of Region Five (Mahaica-Berbice) are now being told that contractors are being mobilised to execute flood relief works.Junior Public Infrastructure Minister Jaipaul SharmaJunior Public Infrastructure Minister Jaipaul Sharma in an interview with this publication on Monday said that works that could end up costing over $1 billion will be done on a projected three-kilometre stretch of land in Mahaicony.“We’re currently mobilising with the contractors, that will be executing the works. Recently, we requested from Cabinet, additional contingency advances. So we are engaging with the contractors for the laying of the material.”“We’re also cooperating with the [National Drainage and Irrigation Authority] and so we are looking at it holistically to see what can be done comprehensively to address the issues,” Sharma added.Sharma noted that NDIA had placed pumps to draw floodwater out and mitigate flooding on farmlands. He noted also that empoldering, the use of polders and dykes, among other measures to reclaim land from the floodwaters, is ongoing.“There’s some empoldering work being done for the land. They’re also [working on] the access dam. They might even consider if they should put crusher run on the surface… we have to ensure that the integrity of the dam will be maintained.” he said, noting the importance of being able to use available roads and other avenues to access the area.DestructionThe recent flooding in Region Five (Mahaica-Berbice)Flooding in Mahaica this month saw more than 300 acres of rice being destroyed and hundreds of acres more being put under threat of destruction by saltwater. In addition, livestock was destroyed and properties sustained damages.Apart from the destruction of the rice, it has been reported that the flooded land is no longer suitable for rice production, since the soil composition has become too salty.On Thursday last, high tides caused major overtopping of the sea defence at Dantzig and nearby villages. This occurred even as the NDIA was preparing to prevent flooding from the October spring tide expected in two weeks.Region Five Chairman Vickchand Ramphal told Guyana Times on Friday that the floodwaters from the previous flood receded a few days ago and the area is once again bracing itself for disaster. He said that the Dantzig-Fairfield area has been completely flooded again.“Currently, the situation in the Dantzig-Fairfield area has not been fully recovered from the previous floods. What we have seen over the past 24 hours is the water coming back onto the land, some of the fields which had dried off over the past couple of days have flooded again,” the Chairman said.Two weeks ago, the sea defence at Dantzig, Mahaica, was breached and saltwater from the ocean flowed onto the land, killing livestock, rice fields and vegetable farms.Persons in the residential areas were also hard-hit as the sea covered several miles inland.Rice farmers at First Savannah, Mahaicony Creek, have been very critical of the Mahaica Mahaicony Abary-Agricultural Development Authority (MMA-ADA) after flooding caused millions in losses for them.last_img read more

Jurors hear recordings of alleged confession

first_imgDuring the second interview days after his arrest for the killing, Aguila cried and admitted to shooting Rubio in self-defense. “I fired twice,” Aguila said in the recording played in Norwalk Superior Court. “I thought he was going to shoot. He was mad.” Detectives had no leads in Rubio’s slaying until two months later, on Nov. 20. That day, sheriff’s traffic-enforcement deputies stopped Aguila for a traffic violation and inadvertently found two letters that contained what they believed to be gang writing and what appeared to be a confession to the murder of Rubio. One letter, addressed to Aguila’s friend in New York, read: “Just about a week ago I killed someone my first time … I don’t lose sleep or feel bad. I actually laughed and told myself: `Finally I caught one.”‘ But, unlike the bravado expressed in the letters, Aguila was sullen and soft-spoken throughout the taped interviews. NORWALK – Members of both the victim’s and defendant’s families wept in court Tuesday as they listened to a long, emotionally-charged taped interview between homicide detectives and a suspected killer. Randy Aguila, 20, of Whittier is charged with killing Oscar Rubio, 26, of Whittier in a car-to-car shooting that caused Rubio to crash through a fence and into the parking lot of Aida S. Nelson Elementary School on Sept. 22, 2005. The prosecution played nearly four hours of taped interviews between Aguila and Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department homicide detectives at the sheriff’s Norwalk station. Throughout the first three-hour interview, Aguila denied responsibility, and repeatedly said: “I didn’t do it.” He told detectives he regretted ever joining a gang and becoming addicted to methamphetamines. And, for much of the interviews, he mumbled and cried in heaving sobs, and soft, shaky sighs. After admitting to shooting Rubio, he said he did so because he was scared. “He yelled at me,” said Aguila. “He was cussing at me. I felt like he knew me and was coming after me.” The confrontation began when Rubio allegedly yelled a derogatory statement at Aguila, who was blocking traffic at the corner of Vicki Drive and Godoy Street, Aguila said. Confused, Aguila put his head out the window to get a better look at the man yelling at him, who drove past him, turned around and pulled up next to his car, he said. He continued to yell derogatory statements, and the two men glared at each other, he said. “I didn’t know this guy,” Aguila said. “He reached down and popped the door open. I panicked … I thought he was going to shoot. “He reached down … I shot him.” (562) 698-0955, Ext. 3026160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img


first_imgHOME heating oil distributors in Co Donegal are experiencing a massive surge in demand ahead of a new tax bombshell for struggling families which comes into force next Wednesday.The recent cold weather and another increase in prices at midnight last night has forced prices up further.The Government announced in Budget 2012 that carbon tax was increased by €5 to €20 per tonne of CO2 emitted on fossil fuels. The increase applied to petrol and diesel from last December.But the increase will apply from next Wednesday, May 1, to kerosene, Marked Gas Oil, Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG), fuel oil and natural gas.It means an extra €15 tax will be slapped on 1000 litres of home heating oil.Last night prices rose another €12 for the same amount. The average price of 500 litres in a survey was €470.With the carbon tax and latest increases, some distributors admit that could break the €500 barrier within days – €1 per litre.That would mean the price doubling in the past five years.One distributor told us: “People can’t afford to buy huge amounts of oil anymore. Most of my customers are buying 100 litres or 200 litres at a time because it has become more expensive.“A lot of families were hoping to squeeze through until the end of the summer but the recent cold weather has led to an increase in demand. “Some customers have said they have ordered now to beat the tax increase next week and that has also pushed up demand in the past three or four days.”The carbon tax does not apply to solid fuels, so there will be no increases for peat or coal.SHOCK FOR FAMILIES AS NEW CARBON TAX ON HOME HEATING OIL PUSHES PRICE TO €1 PER LITRE was last modified: April 27th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more


first_imgBrendan McGlynn presenting a sponsorship cheque to Cllr. Jimmy Kavanagh, Chair of Errigal College Board of Management. Also present is Acting Principal, Charlie Cannon and Eileen Maguire and Ciaran Rodgers for the school Extracurricular CommitteeErrigal College in Letterkenny, in association with Brendan McGlynn & Associates and the Quiet Moment, will hold its annual 5K Race & Walk on Thursday 15th May 2014 at 7.30pm.The accurate and athletic Ireland approved route will be both enjoyable and challenging for both runner and walker.It starts at Errigal College and stays left via Hospital roundabout, Oatfield roundabout to Ballyraine Road, along the Ramelton Road, past the Creamery, up by the Church of the Irish Martyrs, turn right up Gortlee & Lower Carnamuggagh past Colaiste Ailigh to emerge onto the New Industrial Park Road, finishing at the entrance to the Donegal Hospice. We are encouraging young and old to take part. Entry fee for runners is €8, for walkers €5 & students €3. Teams of 4 students €10Changing facilities and refreshments are available at the College. The prizes for runners are kindly sponsored by Brendan McGlynn & Associates and the Quiet Moment Tea Rooms & Sandwich Bar. There will be spot prizes for walkers.Registration is from 6.30pmErrigal College would like to thank the Donegal Athletic Board and members of Letterkenny Athletic Club for their invaluable assistance with the event.  LARGE TURN-OUT EXPECTED FOR ERRIGAL COLLEGE 5K was last modified: May 13th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:5kdonegalerrigal collegeletterkennylast_img read more

USC’s offense could be its best – ever

first_imgJust to get things started off for USC in a challenging new direction, how’s this for a nifty gauntlet? Greatest offense ever. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREThe top 10 theme park moments of 2019 And, sure, it’s subjective and ultimately unverifiable. But a case could have been made last season that USC had one of college football’s best offenses ever – check with the Sooners in the national championship game – and it now returns almost everyone and the water boy. Returns ridiculously significant players. Returns so much talent it almost seems unfair. They return a Heisman Trophy quarterback, Matt Leinart, who probably would have been the No. 1 overall NFL draft pick. Not just in its 11-national-championships history, but in !ital!any!off! team’s history. As in, greatest offense in college football history. It’s not on No.1 USC’s radar. Not a goal, not something quietly being discussed in Heritage Hall corridors. center_img Returns a Heisman Trophy finalist running back, Reggie Bush, who is so dangerous he can line up almost anywhere on the field and set defensive hearts racing. A powerful tailback, LenDale White, who could be another Top-10 pick. A tight end, Dominique Byrd, who seems to specialize in dramatic one-handed catches. Remarkably talented, deep receivers. Almost the entire offensive line. A team that gained over 5,800 yards last season, that scored over 40 points seven times, that humbled Oklahoma with 55 points in the Orange Bowl … and they’re almost entirely back? “It’s going to be pretty scary to watch us,” Leinart said. Certainly there are pitfalls out there. They could get overconfident. Have players fighting for the ball. Miss offensive coordinator Norm Chow exactly as much as many fear. But they were also coming off a national championship the previous season and didn’t stumble over arrogance. Had the same skilled players lined up last season and avoided ego clashes. And if ever a new offensive coordinator is going to be ideally broken in, it’s with a proven, veteran unit like this. A unit that could prove to be the greatest offensive team in recent memory, if not ever. “They still have to play the season and the games and all that, but I don’t know,” said Washington State coach Bill Doba. “I mean, their whole offensive line is back and they were young and good last year. They’ve got three of the best running backs. They’ve got great receivers. Leinart is the key.” It’s one thing to have a returning quarterback. That’s always significant, particularly in the pass-happy Pac 10. It’s something else to have a Heisman Trophy winner back to direct the offense. Leinart’s return puts the Trojans in a rarefied offensive air, within reach of college football’s all-time best. “I would say they’re there,” said Oregon State coach Mike Riley. “They have a very, very good experienced quarterback, which I can’t even tell you what that means to an offense or a team. It’s invaluable. He’s special for sure. “Then they have one of the great weapons in college football, a guy (Bush) who changes the game in the blink of an eye. I mean, we had a heckuva game going with them until a punt return he got us on. “And then they have the young receivers who really came on.” It’s a wealth of offensive riches. A balance of talent almost unprecedented. USC’s 12-0 1972 national championship team may have come closest. It was led by quarterback by Mike Rae. Sam Cunningham and Anthony Davis were the running backs and Charles Young the tight end. Lynn Swann and J.K. McKay the receivers. But Davis, then a sophomore, did not become a starter until the eighth game. Rae actually split some time with Pat Haden. This USC team is marked not only by talent, but experience. Best ever? “I haven’t been laying awake at night thinking about that,” said Arizona State coach Dirk Koetter. “But they certainly – with Matt and Bush and White and Byrd – would have some pieces in place. “Best ever is a pretty big statement, but they have some mighty fine players there.” Pac-10 coaches are respectful, but not to the point of being in awe. At least not publicly. “As much of a blowout as the national championship game was, SC had four tough games in our conference,” Riley said. “So even though they’re daunting, they’re not invincible.” Stanford, Cal, Oregon State and UCLA all gave USC tough games last season, and that’s when the Trojans had a top, veteran defense. This year five starters return on the defensive side, but eight on back on offense – and that’s not counting Byrd and Bush. “The only thing that is going to hurt us, is probably ourselves,” Leinart said. “We could score a ton of points. We could probably score more points than SC has ever averaged in the history of the school. “But in the end it’s about who’s on top. If we have to score between 44 to 50 points a game, or 12 to 20 points, it really doesn’t matter.” There is no stat to quantify the greatest offense ever. Some no-huddle teams may tally more yards. Some teams with bad defenses may put up more points. Yet in terms of overall talent, experience and future NFL stars, these Trojans could make a case as the best offense ever seen. Blitz, straight up, bend but don’t break – defensive coordinators will try it all. Of course, they did last year, too. “It’s a challenge,” Doba said. “The outcome isn’t always fun, but it’s fun to scheme against.” Have fun while you can. They figure to at USC. — Steve Dilbeck’s column appears in the Daily News four times a week. He can be reached at 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more


first_imgTragic Jimmy just hours before his death.A Donegal woman whose son died in England is fronting a campaign to have new legislation introduced in the British Parliament to have legal highs banned there.Jimmy Guichard from Letterkenny died last October after taking a legal high.The 20 year old GAA player had moved to England to look after his dad who is suffering from cancer. However Jimmy died after suffering a massive heart attack and brain damage from the unknown substance.Tragic Jimmy Guichard looking fit and healthy.Now his mum Karen has written to the 416 MPs in the House of Lords asking to help her introduce Jimmy’s Law in England.So far 80 of them have responded to her campaign.Karen told Donegal Daily she is delighted by the response to Jimmy’s Law which aims to introduce a total ban on all legal highs across Britain. “Considering I never wrote an email before I am delighted by the response.“I sat down and asked my daughter to set me up with an account and I emailed every one of the 416 MPs.“I have so far received 80 responses and they have promised to help. It’s a great start and I would love to see Jimmy’s Law become a real law,” she said.Karen said life without her eldest son is difficult but the campaign is keeping her busy.“If I can get Jimmy’s Law passed then he will not have died in vain. “We went through hell as a family and I would not like any other family to go through what we went through and are going through.“Nobody knows what is in these legal highs and that is the most dangerous thing,” she said.Jimmy, who was a talented hurler with St Eunans in Letterkenny, was found in his bedroom in Kent by his dad Martin.He was rushed to hospital but died the following day after his family were told there was no hope for him. His mum Karen decided to give permission to release a touching picture of Jimmy on a life-support machine.The picture was later used in an anti-drugs billboard campaign in Latvia.“I wanted people to see what damage taking these so-called legal highs can do,” she said.Karen will be travelling to England in a few weeks to speak about Jimmy’s death in schools across Britain.TRAGIC DONEGAL WOMAN LAUNCHES CAMPAIGN TO HAVE LEGAL HIGHS BANNED IN BRITAIN was last modified: January 18th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalJIMMY GUICHARDLEGAL HIGHSletterkennylast_img read more

Watch: County Council shares highlights of 2017

first_imgDonegal County Council has shared a video showcasing the top events of 2017.Dozens of highlights from throughout the year are reflected on in the video, including the completion of special needs housing in Manorcunningham, the introduction of beach wheelchairs in Downings and Carrickfinn, Donegal gracing the cover of National Geographic‘s Travel Supplement, Seachtain na Gaeilge, and awards ceremonies hosted by Donegal County Council. Although the video looks back on some of Donegal’s best moments during the year, they also reflect on the hardship Donegal people had to face. A poignant part of the video shows the devastation caused by the catastrophic flooding in Inishowen in August. As of the end of 2017, works on all regional routes are completed or near completion, although there is still much to be done into 2018 to repair the damage caused by the floods.— DonegalCountyCouncil (@donegalcouncil) December 29, 2017Watch: County Council shares highlights of 2017 was last modified: December 30th, 2017 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:2017Donegal County Councilhighlightstop momentswatchlast_img read more

South African banker soars in Australia

first_imgGail Kelly Image courtesy of the AustralianBroadcasting CorporationJanine ErasmusThe South African diaspora has excelled across the world – in sport, medicine, literature, filmmaking and business. And one of its top achievers is Gail Kelly, appointed head of Australia’s fourth-largest bank, Westpac, in February.Having started out as a teller at South Africa’s Nedbank in 1980, Kelly is now Australia’s highest-paid woman executive. (Allan Moss of Macquarie Bank, the country’s highest-paid male executive, is also South African.) Kelly is also ranked 28th on Fortune’s global list of the most powerful women in business – and now and then makes it onto an Australian list of worst-dressed executives.Kelly moves to Westpac from St George, Australia’s fifth-largest bank. Even though she is Australia’s first female bank CEO, when news of her appointment broke Westpac shares rose 43 cents, while St George’s fell 10 cents.From Latin to high financeBorn in Pretoria in 1956, Kelly’s initial education was worlds away from high finance: she studied Latin and history at the University of Cape Town, training to become a teacher.After marrying Alan Kelly in 1977, she spent a few years teaching in Zimbabwe and South Africa. But she felt unchallenged, and in 1980 switched careers to become a teller in the Nedcor group’s banking division, Nedbank. Her potential was immediately evident, and she was swiftly moved into an accelerated training programme, completing an MBA in 1987 while expecting her first child.Her second pregnancy, in 1989, produced triplets. But Kelly coped just fine: when they were only five months old and she still on maternity leave, Nedcor appointed her head of human resources.Australia’s gainIn the mid-1990s the family decided to emigrate. Kelly flew to Sydney in June 1997 for interviews with three major banks, and was snapped up by Commonwealth Bank a month later. Her first position there was as general manager of strategic marketing, but it wasn’t long before CEO David Murray appointed her to his executive team.Australia has a large expatriate South African community, who are readily employed there. “South Africans are sought after by Australian firms because they possess a high standard of education along with a good work ethic, proficiency in English, and excellent industry or corporate training,” says Mike Stowe, the head of Australian migration specialist firm “Australian employers also know that South Africans adapt well to the Ozzie lifestyle and culture.”By the time Kelly left Commonwealth she was head of the customer service division, accountable for sales, service and distribution across the bank’s retail branches, business banking centres, contact centres and electronic and internet channels.In December 2001 Kelly was appointed CEO of St George Bank, becoming MD in January 2002 amid fears that the bank was a takeover target. When her appointment was announced the bank’s market capitalisation rocketed by A$97-million almost overnight.In her six years at the bank Kelly transformed St George “from a sleepy mortgage lender into Australia’s fifth-largest bank,” says Fortune magazine. The New South Wales-based bank’s market value rose by almost A$3-billion.Headhunted for top jobIn February 2008 Kelly took up a position as CEO and MD of at the Westpac banking group, a company recognised by the Dow Jones sustainability index as the world’s most sustainable bank for the fifth consecutive year.Her Westpac appointment – regarded as one of Australia’s top corporate jobs – followed an extensive search conducted by the firm’s board at home and abroad. Kelly says of her appointment that she was “looking forward to working with the team to take what is clearly a very strong organisation to the next stage”.And the organisation clearly agrees. Ted Evans, Westpac chair, says Kelly is “a proven chief executive whose values are closely aligned to the Westpac culture. It is clear she has the energy, skills and experience we need.”Kelly is also a director of Melbourne Business School Limited, a member of the Financial Sector Advisory Council and the Australian Bankers’ Association Council, and a senior fellow of the Financial Services Institute of Australia.Gail Kelly may have made it big in Australia, but she hasn’t turned her back on her home country. She returns to South Africa regularly to enjoy game parks and visit friends.Useful linksSt George BankWestpacNedcorDow Jones Sustainability IndicesFortune magazine’s global power list of women in businesslast_img read more

[Interview] Industry Experts on Choosing Your IoT Network

first_imgTags:#5G#edge computing#featured#LTE-M#NB-IoT#network#networking#Nokia#top ReadWrite: When we talk about networking around IoT there’s a lot of smaller networking models e.g mesh networks and protocols. Everything from that to large networks talking about 5g deployments. So, there’s a lot of issues for large enterprises to plan around IoT. For you two, what are the biggest issues to consider for an executive that’s choosing the network for their own IoT deployment?Jason: It depends on the business need.  You need to ask yourself questions such as:Do you have an immediate business need such as a one plus year time frame?Are you looking at a strategy type decision over the next five years?Do you want to build expertise?What’s your investment model?When thinking about digital automation and connectivity and automating your enterprise your enterprise, do you want to control the entire set of infrastructure?Are you actually building your staffing resources and infrastructure to control and manage the network yourself?In terms of spectrum, are you going to build it yourself or are you going to partner with a wireless provider to do that?These are critical, strategic business decisions that you need to address and then you decide upon the underlying technology that will help you realize the individual use cases.There are existing technologies that can be used today that could meet certain business requirements at a limited scale, which can then be expanded and extended to include more mission critical functions when you deploy 5G.You definitely want to apply the right piece of technology for that particular business case. And then there’s different types of investment cycles.  For example, obviously there’s a lot of mature technologies out there today that may be mid to lower cost that you could invest in.  This decision may yield shorter term operational savings that you are looking for.  However, for longer term needs such as providing new use cases that increase revenue it may be necessary to invest in a bigger and better technology such as 5G.Samuele: There are major things that executives should take into consideration before planning connectivity for an IoT project and in fact, it isn’t easy. The first consideration is the type of use case you want to enable because they are all different and require different levels of reliability and different types of latency.  For example, say you want to connect your parcel which is traveling the world and you want to know where it is, this is different from connecting an autonomous vehicle in a factory or maybe in a harbour.  They are both IoT use cases but completely different.The next consideration is what connectivity networks are available in your area? The key questions to ask yourself are: Do you have a public IoT cellular network available (eg. NB-IoT or LTE-M), or will/can you purchase/lease spectrum so that you can build a licensed LTE private network, or do you have to use some unlicensed /shared spectrum LTE based technology (e.g. Multefire and CBRS)?The final consideration is about the existing ecosystem. If you want to use a very new technology which has not been associated with that many devices yet, you have to have a plan. Maybe you need to galvanize your local ecosystem into action to speed up things. You have to be aware of how long it might take for you to get the pieces that you need to build your use case.I would say these are the three key steps to think about (use case, connectivity and ecosystem), but of course, there are many sub items And details associated with them. ReadWrite: Do you know what the percentage is now?Samuel: I do not have the latest figures but it is negligible.  Also, a number of cloud providers are now rolling out solutions working at the edge clouds.  It’s a big growth area and the EDGE concept may mean something different depending upon who is talking about it. Nevertheless, we all agree it means we want to essentially minimize the distance from where the data is generated to where it is collected and processed. There are a few reasons why we do that:It’s related to the speed of light. Even if the speed of light is very fast, there are some applications where milliseconds delay, say a control system, might not be feasible. If you imagine something like a system control in a factory, you need a millisecond or less to make sure everything runs smoothly.When you think of the amount of data that is created, for example, an airplane creates a lot of data during each of its trips. It’s not very meaningful as most of that data is raw data.  The significant data may only be an outlier taking place, such as a warning, and that is the part you have to pay attention to. Edge computing provides the capability for the data to be analysed locally and only a small amount is actually transferred.  In the end, there is cost reduction in the transmission bill.Another aspect is related to the privacy of the data. Edge computing makes sure that data that is created locally stays local. There are many cases where regulators make data stay in the country where it was generated.  Also, certain companies may feel more comfortable when they know the data stays in the company and never goes out.For us, the edge is a data center because you need a lot of processing power available.  Not every IoT application needs this. Edge computing makes sense when one or more of the above 3 requirements exists. You hear a lot about Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) that are designed to minimize energy consumption of smart objects so that you won’t need to change billions of batteries every year.Not all IoT use cases aim at minimizing energy consumption. This might be a priority for a gas meter but not crucial at all for a remotely controlled vehicle.Jason: Back to the flexibility point of view, because with Multi-access Edge Compute (MEC) not only are you processing the data closer to the access network, it’s accessible and controlled by the enterprise, so deploying an application on a MEC server becomes simpler and faster.  Flexibility and local control is very powerful in the case of IoT when dealing with the type and quantity of data that gets collected and the applications that get hosted rather than having to go back to a centralized cloud that might be 3rd or hybrid owned.Samuele:  By the way, edge computing is the key component of what we call Future X network.  Once we get to 5G, cCore edge cloud it’s a natural evolution of Nokia Edge Computing. ReadWrite: I think we’ve dovetailed into number 2. Can you elaborate on the types of use cases that you see and how those networking use cases might start out? Jason: We’ve been talking a lot about the industry 4.0 because that’s where we see the potential for a lot of transformation. If you look at it, there’s different types of industries such as: manufacturing, construction, power generation, and distribution. . Let’s look at a new possible business model for the ‘process’ industry like chemical manufacturing. Instead of taking raw materials and just creating a final product that is sold, they could provide tighter integration into their customers operations. Allowing them to make tailored products or offer analysis services.  The ability for a business to interact with partners and customers at different parts of the value chain is important. Building flexibility into the infrastructure allows you to be able to do that. It is critical.Today proprietary systems are in place because a business has one specific part in the value chain. However, what should be done is take a big step back and ask yourself, ‘OK how could I sell my product or my services that I create at any part of that value chain. What do I need to do with my infrastructure to be able to enable that and become a much more flexible and agile business?”  Once these are addressed, then the conversation changes to things like building a flexible network architecture, using fundamental technologies like NFV and SDN, being able to automate all those processes using advanced analytics (AI) and ensuring security. Looking at the problem from a business perspective is the first step and then identifying the right set of technology tools comes next.Samuele: You also need to take into account whether you are going to ask your network operator for a dedicated piece of their public network, or will you build your own network. Think of when you do speed tests.  Your “score” does not really depend on you, does it? Basically, if your business model is that you want to use the mobile network so that you can easily deploy whatever use case or device whenever you feel like, you have two choices.  You can either make the wireless network a part of your IT infrastructure so you have full control over it (e.g., you go and place your access points and you provision the devices, and so on) or you can ask a communication service provider to do it all for you.You need to start playing in IoT today and gain some experience with the technologies that are available now (eg LTE based technologies + edge computing) in order to be ready to capture the full potential of the 4th industrial revolution that will be powered by 5G. Jason Elliott, 5G market development managerSamuele Machi, marketing manager, 4th industrial revolution ReadWrite: What should you expect from your provider and what are the main concerns they should address as a partner?Samuele: A few things to think about are:Spectrum coverageThe types of interference you might encounter in your IoT deploymentWhat capacity is the operator providingWhat level of security is guaranteedThese are the key parts I would want to ensure with an agreement with a connectivity provider.Check coverage: check if the service is everywhere for everything you want to connect to. For example, can you get every corner of your factory connected? Is there some kind of connectivity hole? You might need to go and check with the right tools on the field. Interference or poor connectivity will jeopardize your IoT applications. Also, you want to check if the bandwidth you need is available at any time you need them.  If you don’t have a (semi or fully) private network, it means that anyone could be using the some of the uplink capacity you need.Then, finally, security is extremely important, connectivity as well as every endpoint needs to be secured. You want to avoid data manipulation or loss.Jason: I’d add the management of the device as well. Can you do diagnostics on it, firmware upgrade, getting information out of it. How that device is managed and how you extra that data from it is also very key. ReadWrite: We talked about edge computing. We know that around IoT everything seems to be covering at the edge and it’s not just connectivity or compute capacity but also energy as well. When you think about an IoT network, you think of them meeting all these utilities. I use the example of an autonomous vehicle because it happens to be the largest, sexiest appliance in an IoT network that everyone likes to talk about, but it’s also one of the biggest consumers of all of those three things, those utilities if you deploy a network. How do you see energy and compute capacity factoring into a connectivity network of choice for an executive? Samuele: Regarding mobile edge computing, we see more and more IoT data being processed at the edge and this is estimated to reach around 40% of all data within the next couple of years. ReadWrite: Networks require constant upgrading to keep up and that requires investment from whoever your partners are going to be or new participants to come in and disrupt the services or technology but those all have time frames as well. Will today’s IT technology look dramatically different in 5-10 years?Jason: From my perspective, we’ve had cellular IoT out for a while.  What you’re seeing now is some wireless providers turning off their 2G networks and it is taking a long time to get there. Previously, networks were designed for different specific purposes. So, if you think about 2G, it was designed for voice, 3G for web and data, and 4G for video. When you make an investment in IOT, you’re making an investment for a number of years. Particularly when you’re deploying large number of devices and they’re embedded in the ground. In those individual use cases, you will use the existing technologies that you have today and they will serve their particular use case within their lifecycle.In terms of 5G, we see the fundamental design criteria differently from before. We are going from just a few bits per second to gigabits per second. We see 5G as more of a unifying technology in the longer term. So you might deploy IoT using today’s technology and once that’s served its lifecycle you can swap those devices out using 5G.  By the time we get to a certain point, we might see maturity in a 5G environment where you would have that capability and you start to transition those devices piece by piece and that’s just purely from the radio access side.Instead of having a separate networking technology environment, the goal would be to have this underlying access technology that could cope with all of them. Once we get to a critical mass to scale from a cost and overage perspective that’s when it becomes very powerful.  However, critical mass acceleration and adoption won’t happen overnight.  It takes a while.center_img How a Modern Gaming Engine Can Supercharge Your… Aramco, Holder of the Largest IPO in History is… ReadWrite Sponsors Related Posts Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Is Voice Search the Next Big Travel Technology …last_img read more