Celebrate Africa in Johannesburg

first_img25 May 2010Starting from Africa Day, 25 May and stretching through the 2010 Fifa World Cup, Johannesburg celebrates the art, culture, music and literature of the continent through a variety of activities at venues across the city.Without MasksAfrica will be celebrated through four major exhibitions at the Johannesburg Art Gallery. The main event will be an Afro-Cuban display entitled Without Masks, says Antoinette Murdoch, the chief curator at the gallery.Opening on 25 May, the exhibition features work from 25 contemporary Cuban artists, curated by Orlando Hernandes. It will comprise 80 pieces, covering work from 1980 to 2009.“We have chosen this brief period of Cuban art because in many ways it is in this interval when the treatment of Afro-Cuban themes acquires new characteristics that remarkably contrast with relatively stereotyped, idealised or picturesque nature predominant in former periods, particularly during the entire 19th century and a good part of the 20th century,” Hernandes says.He describes the collection as being a “work in progress”, which will include pieces by artists from various generations.A range of mediums will be on show, such as paintings on canvas and wood; watercolours; drawings; engraving such as xylograving, silkscreen and collography; collages; patchwork; installation; soft sculptures; photography; video installation; and video art.2010 art showMeanwhile, African artists are exhibiting their works in a huge show at Museum Africa in Newtown. The show is also a parallel event of the 2010 Fifa World Cup, which runs from 11 June to 11 July.Called SPace: Currencies in Contemporary Art, the exhibition it opened on 11 May and will run until 11 July.“This is an important pan-African contemporary art exhibition recognised as an official 2010 Fifa World Cup host city event,” Sibongile Mazibuko, head of the city’s 2010 office, said at the announcement of the exhibition last year.The city’s portfolio head of community development, Bafana Sithole, said: “When the World Cup has come and gone, there should be something of value left behind … This exhibition is meant to portray the continent’s diverse cultures and for African artists to showcase their work. It is also meant to draw global attention to Africa.”Book fairIn celebration of Africa Week, Joburg’s library and information services unit has arranged a book fair to highlight the importance of indigenous literature, languages and writers.On 26 May, there will be Africa Day celebrations at four high schools in Soweto, each school representing a different an African country.The Bassline in Newtown will host musical greats from across the continent on Reggae Night. Pops Mohammed and Zimbabwe’s Oliver Mtukudzi will also perform.African UnionAfrica Day commemorates the founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), which was established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, in Ethiopia. On that day, 30 leaders from African countries signed a founding charter with the hope that all African states should unite so that the welfare of their peoples could be assured.The OAU is the predecessor of the African Union (AU), which aims to secure democracy and human rights on the continent, and sustain Africa’s economies by ending intra-African conflict and creating a common market.The AU, formed in 2002, is made up of 53 African nations and is designed along the lines of the European Union. At present, it has the power to promote African economic, social and political integration.Source: City of Johannesburglast_img read more

Farm groups file brief in N.C. nuisance lawsuit

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The National Pork Producers Council, the American Farm Bureau, North Carolina Farm Bureau, and North Carolina Pork Producers Council last week weighed in on an appeal to the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals seeking to overturn the $50 million verdict awarded in the first of three trials earlier this year against the North Carolina hog industry.These runaway punitive damages awards against producers engaged in common and highly regulated farm activities threaten rural economies. Amongst other issues raised, the appeal noted that The North Carolina Right to Farm Act, which recognizes that normal farming practices do not constitute a nuisance, prohibits these types of lawsuits. The brief also cautioned that the damage from the ruling would likely lead to unwarranted and costly litigation against farms across the United States if the verdict was allowed to stand.last_img read more

Kids More Likely to Own a Cellphone Than a Book, Study Finds

first_imgchris cameron Tags:#mobile#web Related Posts Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech …center_img Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces As technology becomes more a part of our day-to-day lives, some are worried that it is stunting the education of children by taking away time from activities like reading. A startling discovery from the London-based National Literacy Trust finds that children are more likely these days to own a cell phone than they are a book. The study, which NLT will publish next week, ties cell phone penetration to the presence of books in a child’s home, but are these conclusions fair to draw?A survey of 17,000 U.K. children between the ages of 7 and 16 found that while 86% owned a cell phone, only 73% said they owned a book. The NLT believes a child’s access to books has a direct effect on their reading ability, finding that 80% of children reading at their expect levels have their own books. Conversely, the same can only be said for just 58% of children not reading up to par with their age group.“Our research illustrates the clear link with literacy resources at home and a child’s reading ability,” said Jonathan Douglas, Director of the NLT. “By ensuring children have access to reading materials in the home and by encouraging children to love reading, families can help them to do well at school and to enjoy opportunities throughout their life.” The connection between books and cell phones in the hands of children is a strange one for the NLT to make. In the press release announcing the study, NLT does not define what they consider to constitute “owning a book,” – a significant factor that could change the way readers interpret the study. There are, however, ways to help the literacy problems by taking advantage of the popularity of mobile devices.While children certainly seem more interested in chatting with friends on their phones than sitting quietly and reading a book, some argue that this debate shouldn’t become about the media which children consume. Teacher and education blogger Vicki Davis told ReadWriteWeb that she believes kids benefit from reading on phones or computers as much as they do from paper.“Whether on a mobile phone, iPod, Kindle, or handheld device or paper – the medium should be irrelevant. The important thing is that students can read and write, or in this case read and text,” said Davis. “If ancient man had demanded that their children continue to use their tools – we would still be looking for cave walls to draw upon – paper has been an essential tool of the mass-produced industrial age and electronics are the essential produce of the interconnected information age. Education needs to wake up and harness these tools for learning!”Redefining “Reading”Michelle Manafy, editorial director at Information Today, says older generations need to open up their definitions of what “books” actually are. “The very notion of literacy and reading itself has evolved beyond the capacity of many who grew up with linear reading experiences to understand,” she says.“If every kid has a phone, then maybe we need to be looking much harder at creating content optimized for this reading environment, to creating a reading experience that coincides with their voracious appetite and shorter attention spans, with their tangentially and serendipitously connected non-linear reading style and socially mediated tastes,” said ManafyMobile technology blogger Jason Harris agrees with Davis and Manafy, and adds that the drop in reading skills are likely due to a combination of factors.“The world is changing in that mobile phones are falling into the hands of new populations, including young children,” said Harris. “Of course, there’s a competition for time in this age group, so if they’re on their mobile phones then all leisure activities, including reading, will take a hit. But are reading scores falling because of this one factor? I doubt it.”Are Parents to Blame?Marnie Webb, co-CEO of TechSoup Global says the technology is not to blame for the decline in reading skills. As she puts it, the onus is on the parents to make sure the kids have the same access to books as they do phones.“It doesn’t have to be an either or. We can’t make it an either or,” says Webb. “But that seems to me to be up to grownups […] I have to put the books in the kid’s pocket. Just like we put the phone in the kids’ pockets.”Agreeing with Webb is Peggy Anne Salz, founder of MSearchGroove.com, a leading blog on mobile search. Salz says the report is “a call to parents to participate in their children’s education, a process they can only improve and enhance with anytime, anywhere mobile access to educational materials.”“Read between the lines, and this is not about a connection between children having a mobile device and any drop in grade school literacy skills,” adds Salz. “The report argues there is a link between having literacy resources at home and a child’s reading ability. That’s an access issue that mobile devices can solve for children in the U.K. and around the world.”It is certainly true that mobile handset penetration is reaching a younger and younger audience, but that is not necessarily a direct catalyst to lowering reading scores. Whether the presence of books in a home affects a child’s ability to read is another argument, but it seems strange to try and hook that on mobile phone usage. As technology evolves, so too will the way kids “read” and consume information, so basing studies on the presence of older forms of information digestion may become less and less appropriate.UPDATE: I received a response after reaching out on Twitter to LeVar Burton, known famously for his love of reading and as the host of the children’s show Reading Rainbow. What did the book lover think of the fact that more children own phones than books? “I believe kids need both,” he said.Photo by Flickr user eyeliam. The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technologylast_img read more

At CES 2013, Nvidia Project Shield & Valve Piston Offer Peeks At Gaming’s Future

first_imgNvidia Shield: A Handheld With Big PotentialWhen Nvidia began to see its role in traditional console gaming slowly squeezed out by rival chipmaker AMD, whose Radeon processors have steadily captured more of the market (including the Xbox 360 and the Wii U’s Graphics Processing Unit, or GPU), the natural response was to develop a fully packaged product targeted at a specific gaming niche. Shield is that device.Marketed as a handheld, but with big-screen potential, it will be able to wirelessly stream games to your television. That puts Nvidia in the somewhat precarious position of having to market the device somewhere between casual handheld gaming you can do on the go and the HD, graphics-heavy gaming you do on a big screen. So there is no telling yet how well it will perform, or if will come even close to competing with the next- or even current-gen consoles.There is reason to wonder whether the Shield’s insides are up to the task. Using the Android Jellybean operating system, it will run a custom 72-core (72-core!) Nvidia GeForce GPU and a quad-core A15 CPU, the newest additions to the company’s Tegra processor line, while the touch-screen with be able to push 720p visuals. That sounds great for high-end Android games currently running on tablets, but who knows how far Nvidia will push the envelope. The possibility of Shield being used to play games equivalent to those on of current-generation game consoles remains up in the air.There’s no word yet on whether the screen is detachable, though it would certainly make for an interesting move if it became a second screen while you gamed on your television, effectively bringing Nvidia into Wii U territory.As for Shield games, Nvidia lags a bit  in terms of the breadth and quality offered by its TegraZone, which right now mainly offers up solid old-school ports and Android favorites. But if the company can create the right kind of developer interest in the device’s hardware capabilities, Project Shield has the potential for great handheld games – and maybe even some console-quality titles. Just don’t get too excited: Nvidia did not announce a release date for Project Shield. nick statt Valve Plans To Extend The PC Gaming EcosystemWhile Nvidia focuses on the handheld market, Valve is carefully crafting a full-blown overhaul of the PC gaming ecosystem. What’s being thrown around the Internet as the “Steam Box” is known as “Big Foot” inside the company, said Valve founder Gabe Newell in a recent interview. And at CES this week, prototypes showed up of an intriguing new device – though not officially confirmed to be the same as what Newell discussed.Codenamed Piston and developed with Xi3, the small, blue rectangular console was built to port Steam to bigger screens using Valve’s Big Picture TV streaming service. It’s also pitched as a “development-stage computer game system,” so there’s really no telling where it stands in Valve’s Steam Box vision.Piston could be the first in a long line of many prototypes Valve works up with a number of different hardware partners. But one thing is for sure: Newell and crew aren’t banking on just one device to compete with the Xbox and PlayStation. Instead, Valve will keep tinkering until it knows it’s ready to make a move beyond the PC.Despite the mystery regarding the Steam Box, Xi3’s Piston, “Big Foot” and so on, Newell did offer some concrete details in his CES sit-down.After struggling with the consumer issues and philosophy behind open and closed systems, Newell says, the company decided on a Linux-based device that hands a huge amount of freedom to the consumer. Users will be able to install Windows – or any kind of software – if they want.And there is in fact a “Little Foot” mobile component, Valve’s take on what mobile and tablet gaming need to succeed in a seamless gaming ecosystem. As for controllers, Valve is staying away from motion and trying to incorporate what Newell believes is the future of innovative gaming philosophy: biometrics, including the possibility of wearable devices.Valve could release a whole suite of devices that route the Steam ecosystem on multiple screens in the next two years. Newell was bold enough to suggest that the next-generation GPUs could support as many as eight simultaneous screens!“So you could have one PC and eight televisions and eight controllers and everybody getting great performance out of it. We’re used to having one monitor, or two monitors — now we’re saying let’s expand that a little bit,” he said. The ambitious effort is already generating some skepticism, but it will take this kind of effort to push the boundaries and once again give the term “next-generation” some legitimate weight. 5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App Tags:#CES 2013#gaming#Mobile Games center_img Related Posts Everyone in the gaming industry currently has their eyes on two companies that have long been major players in hardware and software, but have never made an official foray into gaming platforms until now.Graphic processor maker Nvidia and gaming developer Valve have begun outlining their visions for the future at this week’s Consumer Electronics Show (CES), giving the world a peek under the hood of forthcoming devices they hope will someday become entertainment mainstays.Nvidia is in the late stages with codename “Project Shield,” a portable Android-based device fitted with a mishmash of the company’s hardware. Resembling an Xbox controller connected to an HD touch-screen display, Shield is bound to shakeup the lackluster handheld market that is being slowly crushed by the rise of mobile gaming on smartphones.On the other hand, Valve, the creators of the Steam distribution network and the Source engine that powers Half-Life and Counter Strike, is taking its time, and for good reason. The company is aiming to not only give consumers an all-powerful living room console, known on the Web as the “Steam Box,” but also a seamless way to tie together every device in the home using screen-mirroring technology like Miracast.No such Steam Box will hit shelves in 2013, says Valve’s Ben Krasnow, but the company is at CES to meet with hardware developers. And the team has brought along a few prototypes that have spurred the rumor mill and led them to drop a few details.Both companies have big ideas, and if there are any two players in the industry that can pull off revolutionary changes, it’s Nvidia with its hardware track record and Valve with its Steam network. Either way, video games — and where and how we play them — will only get better as two of the biggest names in PC gaming move beyond the mouse and keyboard. 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex… 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People…last_img read more

Marcus Rashford an injury concern as England arrive in Russia for World Cup

first_imgMarcus Rashford will be examined by England’s medical staff on Wednesday to assess whether there are any doubts about his involvement in the team’s opening game of the World Cup finals, against Tunisia.Rashford hurt a knee during a training game at St George’s Park on Tuesday and the Manchester United striker was still complaining about soreness when the squad arrived in Repino, outside St Petersburg, for their first look at the training base for the tournament.Gareth Southgate’s players are due to have their first training session at Zelenogorsk, a village six miles away, on Thursday but Rashford’s involvement is uncertain, with the priority being to make sure there is no serious risk of him missing England’s opening game of Group G in Volgograd on Monday. “Marcus took a slight knock, but nothing too serious,” the manager said. “We’ll look at that ahead of tomorrow’s session.” England Danny Rose news World Cup England World Cup 2018 team guide: tactics, key players and expert predictions Reuse this content England have an injury-free squad otherwise and before the flight to St Petersburg two of their 11 black or mixed‑race players – the highest number the nation has taken to a major tournament – tried to play down fears that the competition might be tarnished by racism.Danny Rose had revealed last week that he had asked his family to stay at home because he felt the risk was too significant, but the Tottenham defender appears to be the only member of the squad who has taken that course of action.“I’ve got no concerns at all,” said Ashley Young, Rose’s competitor for the left wing-back position. “I’ve got a family that is going. The FA have spoken to us security-wise and I’ve every confidence in them.”Danny Welbeck delivered a similar message, noting that he had been to Russia without any problems when Arsenal played CSKA Moscow in the Europa League towards the end of last season.Welbeck said: “I am looking forward to it. I went there a couple of months ago with Arsenal and things were fine. There were no troubles or worries whatsoever … I can’t wait to get back there.” Topics Read more Share on LinkedIn Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share via Email Share on WhatsApp Share on Messenger Marcus Rashford Share on Pinterest World Cup 2018 Danny Welbeck Ashley Younglast_img read more

Botswana Delegation to Observe JIS at Work

first_img Deputy Permanent Secretary, Ministry of State President, Botswana, Mr. Mogomotsi Kaboeamodimo, says his delegation is on a mission to learn more about the structure and processes of the Jamaica Information Service (JIS)  and how it goes about disseminating Government information to the public.“We come from an outfit of government media similar to yours, where we run major government information systems… and we thought that we would come and look at Jamaica and see your set up administratively, to see how you are able to service the Government of Jamaica,” he said.The delegation arrived on Tuesday, September 17, at the Norman Manley International Airport, where representatives of the Jamaica Information Service (JIS), welcomed the members, who are here on a communication benchmarking  visit.Mr. Kaboeamodimo, who is responsible for information and broadcasting services, explained that “we are interested to know how you relate to your colleagues in the private media and we would basically be interested to know how you carry out your mandate; and the extent to which you report like any other media establishment in the world… catering to both government and others who are not in government. We would like to know how you do that balancing act, because there is always that perception that government media are limited in scope.”Meanwhile, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the JIS, Mrs. Donna Marie Rowe, in welcoming the delegation, said the visit is a milestone event for the agency, especially as it is celebrating its 50th anniversary this year.She pointed out that the JIS is considered to be very credible by both the private media as well as the public.Mrs. Rowe outlined a packed schedule for the delegation. “We will take them to our television department. They will tour our head office at Half-Way Tree Road. They will also get a full picture of how we interact with the public relations officers in government with a special meeting of government communicators to be hosted by Minister of Information, Senator the Hon. Sandrea Falconer on Wednesday (September 18),” she said.The CEO also informed that the delegation will get to interact with mainstream media, at a luncheon on September 20, where two head honchos from private media houses have been invited to share with the delegation.The delegation will call on the Permanent Secretaries in the Office of the Prime Minister and the Ministry of Foreign affairs and Foreign Trade – Ms. Onika Miller and Ambassador Paul Robotham, respectively. They will tour the Creative Production and Training Centre (CPTC), CARIMAC and the Public Broadcasting Corporation of Jamaica (PBCJ).In the meantime, Honorary Consul of Botswana in Jamaica, Dr. Henley Morgan, explained that the benchmarking exercise was well thought out. “It is not something that came about spontaneously, it is certainly not haphazard, it is highly structured,” he explained.Dr. Morgan noted that earlier this year a top level delegation from Botswana visited Jamaica and over the period of a week worked out and arrived at a framework of co-operation between the two countries. He explained that as part of the process, several areas of co-operation were identified in tourism, sports and health, among others.The Consul General pointed out that most of the doctors in Botswana are trained in Jamaica and currently there are some 35 nationals being trained as doctors at the University of the West Indies. He also reminded that over the last 20 years, Jamaicans have gone in numbers to work in Botswana as teachers and public servants.Other members of the delegation arriving today included Director, Information Services Department, Russ Molosiwa; Managing Editor, Botswana Daily News, Charmaine Revaka, and Chief Information Officer, Daphne Motsakae. They will be joined by Radio Manager, Keitirile Mathapi, who is scheduled to arrive in the island on Wednesday, September 18. The delegation is on a mission to learn more about disseminating Government information The delegation will get to interact with mainstream media The visit is a milestone event for the agency Story Highlightslast_img read more

Jamaica 56 Celebrations in the United States

first_imgStory Highlights In Baltimore, Ambassador Marks will deliver the keynote address at the Jamaican Association of Maryland’s (JAM) annual Independence gala at Martin’s West on August 4. Jamaicans residing in Washington DC, Baltimore, Philadelphia and Atlanta will be celebrating the country’s 56th anniversary of Independence with a number of activities from August 4 to 26.The Embassy of Jamaica in Washington DC, under the leadership of Ambassador Audrey Marks, will be engaged in several events, in collaboration with various Jamaican organisations.In Baltimore, Ambassador Marks will deliver the keynote address at the Jamaican Association of Maryland’s (JAM) annual Independence gala at Martin’s West on August 4.JAM will use the occasion to present its Marcus Garvey Award to local philanthropist Cecil Clarke, and its Community Service Award to Pastor Ezra Sterling.Dumbarton Chapel at Howard University School of Law is the venue for the annual service of thanksgiving to be held on Sunday, August 5, commencing at 11:00 a.m.Ambassador Marks will deliver the Prime Minister’s Independence Message, while Senior Pastor of the Apostolic Church of Christ in Syracuse, New York, Rev. G. Maxwell Jones, will deliver the sermon. A reception follows the church service.On Sunday, August 12, JAM will host an Independence thanksgiving service at the Baltimore Central New Testament Church of God, beginning at 5:00 p.m. The sermon will be delivered by Rev. Stanley Murray.The DC World Reggae Festival will take place on Sunday, August 19 at the RFK Stadium festival grounds, featuring Shabba Ranks, Chronixx, and Toots and the Maytals. The event is endorsed by the Embassy of Jamaica.Curtains will come down on the Independence activities in Baltimore on Saturday, August 25, with a free family day picnic at Rosedale Park.Over in Philadelphia, Independence activities begin on Saturday, August 11, with the Team Jamaica Bickle Independence Gala, at the Calabash.On Sunday, August 12, a service of thanksgiving will be held at the Philadelphia Seventh-day Adventist Church, with Rev. Wesley Pinnock to deliver the sermon.Philadelphia will wrap up its celebratory activities on August 26 with the Caribbean Festival at Philadelphia Penn on the Waterfront.In Atlanta, Jamaicans and friends will join in a thanksgiving service on August 5 at St. Timothy United Methodist Church, and on August 11, the Atlanta Jamaican Association will stage its annual Independence Ball & Scholarship Awards at the Sheraton Atlanta Hotel.Jamaican Olympic bobsledder, Devon Harris, will give the main address.“We are looking forward to the opportunity to stage these events, along with our partners and friends who have helped to make Jamaica the wonderful country that it is,” said Ambassador Marks.“I hope that all Jamaicans in the diaspora will continue the great tradition of sharing the Jamaican spirit. I encourage all Jamaicans and our friends to embrace this year’s theme; ‘Jamaica 56 – One Love…One Family’ in celebration of Jamaica, land we love,” she added. Jamaicans residing in Washington DC, Baltimore, Philadelphia and Atlanta will be celebrating the country’s 56th anniversary of Independence with a number of activities from August 4 to 26. The Embassy of Jamaica in Washington DC, under the leadership of Ambassador Audrey Marks, will be engaged in several events, in collaboration with various Jamaican organisations. last_img read more

Wilmington Police To Hold RAD Refresher Course On October 9

first_imgWILMINGTON, MA — The Wilmington Police Department announced this week it will be holding a R.A.D. Refresher Course on Wednesday, October 9, 2019, from 5pm to 9pm, at the Public Safety Building.The course has been scheduled for women who have previously successfully completed R.A.D. (Rape Aggression Defense System), which is a women’s self-defense program that is comprised of easy-to-learn, effective physical defense techniques. Online registration for the free one-night course is required and can be found HERE.Contact Sgt. Chris Ahern at 978-658-5071 or cahern[at]wpd.org with any questions.Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email wilmingtonapple@gmail.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedFree R.A.D. Class Offered To Wilmington Women Through Middlesex Sheriff’s OfficeIn “Government”Wilmington Police To Offer Free R.A.D. Class In AprilIn “Government”Wilmington Police To Offer FREE R.A.D. ClassesIn “Government”last_img read more

Landslide death toll hits 140

first_imgRescure operation being conductedAt least 140 people have so far been killed and many went missing after a series of landslides triggered by heavy monsoon rains hit the hilly districts in the southeast Bangladesh. Members of army and fire service with local people on Wednesday morning resumed rescue operation in the landslides-hit area and retrieved a total of 19 bodies, with many more still missing.As many as 106 people died in Rangamati alone while 21 bodies were revered from Rangunia and Chandanaish and three from Bandarban and one from Khagracchari.Rangamati additional deputy commissioner Prakash Kanti Chowdhury told Prothom Alo that eight more bodies, including five members of two families, were recovered from the district.Bangladeshi fire fighters and residents search for bodies after a landslide in Bandarban on July 13, 2017. Heavy monsoon rains have killed at least 46 people in southeast Bangladesh, most of them buried under landslides, authorities said on July 13. AFPBodies of a mother Rupali Chakma, and her two daughters — Jui Chakma, 12, and Jhumjhumi Chakma, 7 — were recovered from Juba Unnayan area of the district.A woman Ponti Shona Chakma, 35, and her daughter Shantana Chakma, 9 were found dead in the area.The DC said also the death toll in the Rangamati incidents rose to 106.Read more…Landslide death toll reaches 135 as search resumeslast_img read more

Cyber Incidents Response Team to bolster Navy now

first_imgIndian Navy has followed the Army in creating Cyber Incidents Response Team (CIRT) under a rear admiral to keep in check malicious attacks of the kind the US military agencies are facing from Chinese cyber warriors. A navy source says: “We have a fairly robust system in place. The CIRT keeps a running check on our systems for possible breaches.”Army was the first amongst the Indian armed forces to set up the army cyber group in 2005 for indulging in active defense and limited offensive operations. The system was built by a retired signals office commanding-in-chief Lieutenant General Devinder Kumar, who is extremely reticent about talking about the set-up, which is his creation. Navy’s is of lesser vintage. Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJIThe navy’s staffing of the cyber security arm is through its intake of software engineers trained in premier educational institutions of the country. The CIRT interfaces with the civilian agencies like the Computer Emergency Response Team – India (CERT-IN) in case the situation demands such intervention.Otherwise, the CIRT does regular audit of the navy’s computer systems. In fact, as a navy source says: “The computers on which sensitive matters are handled are not connected to the internet; do not have slots for pen drives, computer discs or any other external device.” Cyber directorate of the navy has stipulated, a computer is placed in a public space for the contingency of any of the staffers having to access the internet.  Also Read – Health remains key challenge in India’s development: KovindThe person/s who need to use that computer have to seek a clearance from the rear admiral, who is also the assistant chief of naval staff for foreign cooperation and intelligence. Considering that the navy also has a larger dimension of communicating with its vessels at sea, a source says: “We have our security overlays when communicating with ships at sea. These days we have satellite communication.” Navy has its own dedicated satellite, Rukmini, that send out communications to the ships in encrypted form.last_img read more